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Criminal Investigations in the United States (Essay Sample)


Assignment 3: The Big Stage!
Due Week 10 and worth 200 points
In the United States, both the federal government and the states have authority to indict for criminal wrongdoing. The federal government and each state have their own criminal statutes, court system, prosecutors, and police agencies. Use your textbook, the Internet, and / or Strayer Library to research articles on crime trial, prosecutor, and criminal investigator.
Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:
1.Put yourself in the role of a prosecutor and explain the importance of the final report to the prosecution of a case. Further, analyze the possible impact of poorly completed final reports on the prosecution of a case.
2.Review Figure 21.1 “The Use of Evidence in the Stages of the Criminal Justice Process” in Chapter 21 of the text and specify the manner in which each stage of the criminal justice process helps to build a successfully litigated action. Provide a rationale to support your response.
3.Define a criminal investigator’s role in preparing a case for court. Analyze the manner in which the investigator cooperates with the prosecutor to enhance the courtroom presentation. 
4.Differentiate not guilty and acquitted. Give your opinion as to whether or not an acquittal means that the investigator failed. Support your position. 
5.Predict one to two (1-2) changes that will take place in criminal investigation in the next twenty (20) years. Provide a rationale to support your response.
6.Use at least two (2) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar type Websites do not qualify as academic resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
•Describe the major components of and responsiblities involved in the investigative process.
•Recommend improvements to the criminal investigation process in selected areas.
•Predict changes that will take place in criminal investigation in the next 20 years.
•Evaluate the role of the criminal investigator in preparing evidence for presentation and courtroom testimony. 
•Use technology and information resources to conduct research in the criminal investigation process.
•Write clearly and concisely about the criminal investigation process using proper writing mechanics


Criminal investigations in the United States
Criminal Justice in the United States
Criminal justice is executed by the federal government as well as the states government. Every state and the federal government have their own criminal statutes, police, court systems, and prosecutors who are mandated with criminal investigations. Crimes such as drug trafficking, large-scale frauds, financial crimes, and organized crimes are handled by the federal government. Besides, there are crimes that are exclusively dealt with by the federal government such as custom offences, federal tax matters and crimes of treason. On the other hand, the states have the authority to deal with crimes against property, murders, assaults, hefts, and robberies. Although there are varying steps in criminal procedures between the states and the federal government and among the states, the processes are governed by the executive branch of the government.
One of the most significant personnel in criminal investigations is the prosecutor who is charged with the mandate of preparing a report that informs the approval officer on the case. A final report by the prosecutor is thus very important in criminal justice. The report communicates the occurrences of the crime from the beginning to the end. It includes the status of the crime scene and the evidence provided by the witnesses. The report also describes any tangible evidence collected from the crime scene. The report also establishes time line so that the events of the key suspect can be followed in a logical manner. However, in some cases, the prosecutors may fail to complete the report effectively, leading to gaps in the case. It makes the work of the approval officer very difficult. A poorly compiled report is brought about by failure of the prosecutors to understand the essence of the case. It is not possible for the approval officer to go ahead with the case because an incomplete report lacks the necessary evidence to execute justice.
Criminal justice is based on the use of evidence to incriminate the offenders. If a case has insufficient evidence it is not possible to administer justice, thus availability of accurate evidence is crucial to administration of criminal justice. In the beginning, the law enforcement officials gather the evidence after investigating the crime. The evidence is used throughout the criminal justice process to determine whether the presumed perpetrator is innocent or guilty of the offence at hand (Cole, Smith & DeJong, 2014). The evidence is then weighed to determine its accuracy and if it is found that the accused is actually guilty corrective measures such as probation and punishment are taken. Each stage of criminal justice process is useful in building a successfully litigated action. T...
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