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Business Ethic: How Human Actions Can Be Judged As Right Or Wrong (Essay Sample)


Watch the 2015 film “Concussion,” directed by Peter Landesman, and starring Will Smith. Plan ahead to ensure you have time to view the film at least once before beginning your paper.
Essay Prompt:
Assume the NFL indeed had access to credible research that linked football-related concussions to permanent, hidden long-term brain injury to players. Utilizing the ethics material discussed in class and Chapter 2 of the textbook, analyze the ethics of failing to disclose that information to the players.
Your analysis should:
• Include two of the “Theories of Ethics” and two of the “Ethics Traps” presented in Chapter 2.
• Define and explain the theories and traps you are utilizing.
• Apply the theories and traps to analyze the ethics of the NFL's actions as they relate to the above essay prompt.
• Address how your analysis would change if the evidence was inconclusive as to whether concussions were causing hidden, permanent brain injury.
• Use specific conversations and evidence from the movie to assist in your analysis.
Your essay may not exceed 800 words and should be double-spaced, utilizing Times Roman 12 point font and 1-inch margins. Please indicate the exact word count at the top of the paper. You are to turn in a hard copy of your Analytical Paper, no later than the start of class on Thursday, March 9. Your Analytical Paper must also be submitted via the designated “Assignments” tab by the same date and time as the hard copy. Please note that the papers will be run through Safe Assignment, which will compare them against the entire Internet and our internal database to help detect plagiarism. There is no makeup for this Analytical Paper; it is not subject to the quiz make up policy articulated in the course syllabus.


Ethics is a division of philosophy that fundamentally seeks to establish and understand how human actions can be judged as right or wrong. When making decisions where ethics are involved, ethical theories provide a foundation for which people seek guidance from. In ethical decision making, people do not make a decision in the exact same way since the information and decision rules differ from person to person and from place to place. For that reason, ethical theories provide different points for a different decision-making approach or a decision rule such as predicting the end result and adhering to one's obligations and duties to others in order to attain what the person thinks is the ethically correct decision. Justice, least harm, respect for autonomy and beneficence are some the general set of targets that decision makers strive to attain in order to be successful.
The ethical theory which stipulates that people ought to stick to their obligations and duties when engaging in decision making where ethics are involved is the deontology. Here, it is perceived that upholding one’s duty is ethically right and therefore an individual will follow their obligations to society or other individuals. People who use this school of thought tend to make consistent decisions in view of the fact that their decisions are based on the people’s set duties. On the other hand, utilitarian ethical theories are based on one's aptitude to foresee the consequences of an act. Utilitarians believe that an ethically correct alternative is that that yields the most benefit to the most people. Utilitarianism is divided into two: act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism follows the description of utilitarianism where an individual performs actions that benefit the most people in spite of own stance or community constraints such as laws while rule utilitarianism considers the law and is concerned with justice. A rule utilitarian target to benefit the most people but via just and fair means (Graham, 2004).
An ethical trap consists of two ethical decisions, a primary ethical decision, and a secondary ethical decision. A secondary ethical decision arises when an indiv...
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