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Latin American History (Essay Sample)

Answer two of the following questions 1.Does dependency theory adequately explain Latin American under-development? 2.Why did slavery fail in nineteenth century Cuba? 3.Did Positivism only re-enforce colonial racism? 4.Was US policy in the hemisphere always imperialistic? 5.Was Eva Peron a caudilla? 6.Is Fidel Castro a charismatic? Questions should be based on text mainly and outside sources if neccessary. Text : Cheryl E. Martin and Mark Wasserman, Latin America and its People. source..

History of Latin America
Professor Name:
(April 11, 2012)
History of Latin America
Most Latin America countries have categorically been under-developed. There has been question as to why this has occurred since it has some of abundant raw materials. This includes tin, copper, silver, gold, zinc e.t.c. Also, oil and hydroelectric power are found in Latin America nations but this does not always correlate with the development since most the countries are under-developed. The nations have had poor education systems, poor health facilities and poor housing. Researchers and Economists have tried explaining this query; one of the theories used by the Economists is the dependency theory, in which there have been many stands.
One of the countries in Latin America includes Cuba. Cuba is a developing country. It has had significant leadership with its charismatic leader Fidel Castro who was also a political revolutionist. Castro led the country from nineteen fifty nine until two thousand and eight. The leader has had the longest tenure in the Latin America nations.
Does the dependency theory adequately explain Latin America in under-development?
The dependency theory is also known as the dependencia theory. It’s a theory that tends to assume that resources flow from the fringe of poor people and nations to the core of rich people and the rich nations. It’s also viewed as a way to explain why poor countries will always remain to be poor. However, the dependency theory has lost its significance; this is because economists have come up with practical and better ways in explaining the under-development in the Latin American nations. Although there have been many arguments that dependency theory still has some significance in development it remains that it has very minimal effect on development.
Some of the dependentistas (those in favor of the dependency theory) argue that some of the monies obtained unfairly by the Spanish and Portuguese empires continued even in the post-independence as the industrialized countries continued to exploit the raw materials of Latin America. The factors mainly considered include: Marxist core assumptions the means and relations of production and the superstructure which include political, cultural and social consequence of the means and relations of production (Faletto).
The nineteen forty eight Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLA) argued that the development of Latin American countries was hindered by the structural disadvantage as the primary producers. Most Latin American underdeveloped countries such as Bolivia are known to import their raw materials. The economists argued that loss of raw materials as compared to manufactured goods resulted in decline in international trade. Thus industrialization of the under-developed countries is highly encouraged by economists’ rather than “giving” away their raw materials so as to improve their international t...
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