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Ho Chi Minh & Communism: Ho Chi Minh & Vietnam Independence (Essay Sample)


Case Study: Ho Chi Minh and Vietnamese Independence

Was Ho Chi Minh a Communist? To many Americans he was. But to many Vietnamese he was a nationalist hero, and to even a few Americans he was that as well, plus a friend, and ally and a comrade in arms during World War 2.  It may be hard to paint Ho with any color other than gray, and now, nearly 50 years after his death and 40 years after the end of the American war in Vietnam, even that color has faded with time. What we do have are his words. 

The link below will take you the speech Ho Chi Minh gave on September 2, 1945, in which he proclaimed Vietnam's independence, and its arrival on the world stage.  Your assignment will be to read the speech and provide answers to the following questions:

Questions for exploration: 

  1. Ho's speech proclaiming Vietnam's independence contains a demand that the free world support that independence in part as payment for services rendered during World War 2.  What 'service' did Vietnam render during that conflict?
  2. Ho claims that Vietnam's independence is consistent with the philosophical principles which the Allies claimed were paramount during World War 2.  What principles was Ho referring to, and does he make references to occasions where those principles were reasserted?
  3. In the speech, Ho mentions crimes committed by the French during their occupation of Vietnam.  Which crimes, as you read them, were in your opinion most severe and justified Vietnamese independence?

Ho Chi Minh and Vietnamese Independence
Institutional Affiliation

Ho Chi Minh and Vietnamese Independence
In 1940, the French imperialist was defeated by Japanese Fascist’s leaving the Vietnam people under the hands of the Japanese. The Japanese continued oppressing the poor citizens further subjecting them to more miseries and suffering. The French colonialist failed to protect the citizens, and they sold their country to the Japanese. According to the Ho, the French colonialists within a period of five years traded their nation twice to the Japanese. These actions were taken despite the urge from the Vietminh League to unite with the French colonialist to fight the Japanese. They also killed most of the political prisoners before they fled Vietnam and increased the oppression activities on the innocent citizens. The people of Vi...
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