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The End Of The Soviet Union 1991: The Cold War (Essay Sample)


This module describes the youth revolt of the late 1960s. It introduces the formation of the New Left and the counterculture movement and its discontent with the Vietnam War. The module then shows how the demands for civil rights spread to women, Hispanics, and the gay community. It examines the rise of Richard Nixon and his foreign policy achievements and domestic policies. The mixed report on Vietnam was coupled with strong gains in opening communications with China. However, Nixon's administration shattered under the weight of the Watergate revelations. The module includes a brief discussion of the Ford and Carter years and moves on to discuss the 1980s and the presidency of Ronald Reagan. It traces the impact of the growing conservatism and explains the reasons behind the end of the Cold War and the rise of the fight against terrorism.

Learning Outcomes

  1. Recognize the expansion of civil rights activism and the anti-Vietnam War movement.
  2. Identify the cultural and political backlash that began with President Nixon.
  3. Assess the Nixon and Carter presidencies, Watergate, and the end of the war in Vietnam.
  4. Characterize Ronald Reagan and Republican conservatism in the 1980s.
  5. Identify reasons for the Cold War and why it ended

History Module 7 Discussion
History Module 7 Discussion
Briefly summarize the document, who wrote it, and with what intentions.
The document titled The End of the Soviet Union 1991 edited by Svetlana Savranskaya and Thomas Blanton contains a lot of information which details events leading up to the end of the Soviet Union and the Cold War. Apparently, even though the end of the Soviet Union was expected mainly because of the weaknesses it was showing as well as the resistance the Soviet republics were staging, there are certain events which helped to propel and eventually cause the end of the Soviet Union. Looking at the document, it is indeed clear that the USSR was at crossroads and that its end was imminent. However, the US knew that it could not relent in its push to end the Cold War and ultimately make sure that the Soviet Union was over. Even though that was the plan, the US and its officials knew that maintaining status quo would have been for the greater good. Scenes from Yugoslavia were indeed scary, and the US was well aware of the repercussions of hastening the demise of the Soviet Union. Therefore, it wanted to push for a Gorbachev leadership because he shared in their views and would have helped to keep and maintain peace during the decentralization of power which

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