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The Civil Rights Movement: I Have A Dream (Essay Sample)


Optional Resources to Explore 

Feel free to review the library guide for scholarly sources and videos at the following link:

The purposes of each case study assignment include the following:

  • To hone your abilities to research using scholarly sources
  • To advance critical thinking and writing skills
  • To compile a response to the prompts provided
  • To explore a historical topic and make connections to change over time

Pick one (1) of the following topics
. Then, address the corresponding questions/prompts for your selected topic. Use at least one (1) documented example of the corresponding primary source in your writing.

Option 1: McCarthyism and Anti-Communist Campaigns 
The Cold War brought about an irrational fear of communism and communist activities in the United States. As we are learning this week, one of the most vocal instigators of this paranoia was Senator Joseph McCarthy. McCarthy delivered a speech about the imminent threat of communism on February 9, 1950. Perform a search on the internet and locate and read Joseph McCarthy's speech given in Wheeling, West Virginia on February 9, 1950. Copy and paste the following keywords into your Google search bar: "Joseph McCarthy, Wheeling, West Virginia." The speech is also referred to as "Enemies from Within."

Construct the case study by responding to the following prompts:

  • Explain how Senator Joseph McCarthy defined communist nations within the speech. What specific threats did these nations pose?
  • Assess if Senator Joseph McCarthy charges were accurate.
  • Analyze anti-communist sentiments during the Cold War era, were these sentiments valid. If so, how? If not, why not?
  • Explain if there are other examples of events similar to the Red Scare that have occurred throughout history and modern day.
  • Examine what happened to people who invoked the Fifth Amendment, refused to appear or were found in violation of the law as defined by the Congressional Committee.

Option 2: The Civil Rights Movement
Using the Internet, locate and read Martin Luther King Jr's "I Have a Dream" speech given in Washington D.C., August 1963. Copy and paste the following keywords into your Google search bar: "I Have a Dream by Martin Luther King, Jr." Feel free also to locate and incorporate additional scholarly sources to respond to this case study, including information on the Civil Rights Movement.

Construct the case study by responding to the following prompts:

  • Explain if the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s effectively changed the nation.
  • What effect would the Civil Rights Acts have across the continent on minority groups?
  • Do you think that the tactics and strategies that civil rights activists used in the 1960s would apply to today's racial and ethnic conflicts? Why or why not?
  • Do the ideas of the 1960s still have relevance today? If so how? If not, why not?
  • Analyze how the Civil Rights Movement would impact diversity in America today.

Option 3: American Domestic and Foreign Policies (1953-1991) 
Complete a search either in the Chamberlain Library or internet for domestic and foreign polices of four (4) of the following Presidents. Please incorporate at least one primary source of either a policy or act that you have chosen to write about.

  • Eisenhower
  • Kennedy
  • Johnson
  • Nixon
  • Ford
  • Carter
  • Reagan

Then, compare domestic and foreign polices of your four (4) presidents by answering the following prompts:

  • Explain how your selected presidents worked to improve the United States economically and socially. Give at least one example of each president.
  • Assess if the policies of your choice of presidents strengthen or weaken the United States.
  • Explain how you see your choice of presidents served the public interest and further the cause of democracy.
  • Determine if it is constitutional for the United States to fight preemptive wars.
  • Determine if human rights and morality should be the cornerstones of United State foreign policy.

Civil Rights Movement
Institutional Affiliation
Civil Rights Movement
The I Have a Dream speech is the most famous address in the world owing to the impact it had in the promotion of racial equality. It was given by Martin Luther King Jr. at the in Lincoln Memorial steps on the 28th August 1963 and has been recognized as the greatest impact of the civil rights movement. In the speech, King spoke against racial segregation and profiling (Corbett, Janssen & Lund, 2019). He advocated for a cessation of the excessive racial segregation between African Americans and the whites in the American society. In so doing, he convinced his followers on the importance of undertaking urgent interventions to against racial segregation. King’s leadership led African Americans to demand for racial justice. He started a great crusade to push for civil rights that led to the enactment of the civil rights act of 1964 to bring to an end the racial segregation to mark the epitome of the civil rights movement.
King led mass protests to advocate for racial equality and end the segregation laws in the country. After the abolishment of slavery in 1865, the African Americans achieved the right to citizenship and vote. However, they continued to be victims of different forms of racial injustice from the whites (Carson, 2019). The introduction of the Jim Crow laws took this constitutionally granted rights away by continued segregation. This denied African Americans access to the best education, social and economic opportunities. King carried out a successful fight against such segregation and managed to change the nation in several ways. To begin with, King organized a bus boycott which saw him arrested and put in Birmingham jail where he wrote his famous letter from that touched hundreds of people to protest his arrest.
The unrest led to the introduction of the Civil Rights Bill by President John F. Kennedy into the Congress. The Bill ambolished permitted discrimination in public places and as a result, it gained support from several groups. The culimination of this was a rally in Washington on 28th August, 1963 where King delivered the I Have a Dream speech in fron of 250,000 people (McGill, 2017). The speech helped lobby for the passing of the Civil Rights Act by the Congress 1964 which ended racial segregation. In addition, the civil rights movement also pushed for equality and end of poverty when he joined the striking workers in Memphis, Tennessee. This had a positive impact on the African American community access to social, economic, and educational services. Minorities enjoyed their constitution granted rights to vote, employment, and education (Donaldson, 2000). They also started to enjoy freedom from all the existing forms of discrimination. Additionally, the civil rights movement ensured the integration of minority communities in public areas that were previously not accessible.
The civil rights movement used various forms to push their agenda that can still be used in today’s society. All the methods had one thing in common as they did not condone the use of violence. The non-violent protests had better results in ending racial segregation. In 1963, King organized non-violent protests to fight against segregation in the public sector. Militant African American activists joined him in this push for freedom and liberation (Carson, 2019). By non-violent confrontation of injustices, activists can also lobby for justice and equality in the contemporary world with great success. For example, the black lives matter movement applied this strategy to speak against extrajudicial killings of African Americans by the police. It advocates for various policies such as ending the broken window policy, promoting

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