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2 pages/≈550 words
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APA
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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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English (U.S.)
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Comparison between the American and Canadian Healthcare Systems (Essay Sample)

Instructions:
The health care delivery system in Canada has often been used in criticizing the system in the U.S. The Canadian system was also the subject of many discussions during the debates about President Obama's health care reform plans. Now that we have a better understanding of the standards of evaluation, let us apply them in comparing and contrasting the two systems. Assignment expectations: Write a 2-3 page paper comparing and contrasting our system of health care delivery to that of our neighbor to the north. Be sure to discuss all four standards: Access Cost Quality Continuity Case assignment expectations: Please be sure to cite all sources and provide a reference list at the end of the paper (at least 3 references). The length of your paper should be 2-3 pages typed and single-spaced. Please prepare your work using appropriate format. This link from your course syllabus page will help reinforce formatting expectations: http://www(dot)tuiu(dot)edu/guidelines/Well-Written-Paper.pdf Expectations: You will be expected to provide a scholarly basis for your response. Your opinions should be justified with evidence from the literature. References should be cited properly in the text of your essay, as well as at the end. Several scholarly references should be cited for this assignment. Please limit your response to 3 pages maximum. Required Readings California Department of Managed Care (2008). Continuity of Care. Retrieved November 28, 2011 from http://www(dot)hmohelp(dot)ca(dot)gov/dmhc_consumer/br/br_continuity.aspx. Davis, K., et al. (2006). Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: An Update on the Quality of American Health Care Through the Patient's Lens. The Commonwealth Fund. Retrieved November 28, 2011 from http://www(dot)commonwealthfund(dot)org/Publications/Fund-Reports/2006/Apr/Mirror--Mirror-on-the-Wall--An-Update-on-the-Quality-of-American-Health-Care-Through-the-Patients-Le.aspx Hoeksema, J.. (2011). Taking Steps to Control Costs in the OR. Association of Operating Room Nurses. AORN Journal, 94(6), S79-84; quiz S85-6. Retrieved February 29, 2012, from http://proquest(dot)umi(dot)com/pqdweb?did=2533202231&sid=2&Fmt=6&clientId=29440&RQT=309&VName=PQD Lasser, K. E., Himmelstein, D. U. and Woodlander, S. (2006). Access to Care, Health Status, and Health Disparities in the United States and Canada: Results of a Cross-National Population-Based Survey. American Journal of Public Health 96 (7); 1300. Retrieved Novembe 28, 2011 from http://proquest(dot)umi(dot)com/pqdweb?did=1075235791&sid=3&Fmt=4&clientId=29440&RQT=309&VName=PQD Woolhandler, S., Campbell, T., Himmelstein, D. U. (2003). Costs of health care administration in the United States and Canada. The New England Journal of Medicine 349 (8); pg. 768. Retrieved November 28, 2011 from http://proquest(dot)umi(dot)com/pqdweb?index=12&sid=2&srchmode=1&vinst=PROD&fmt=4&startpage=-1&clientid=29440&vname=PQD&RQT=309&did=403939421&scaling=FULL&ts=1188410392&vtype=PQD&rqt=309&TS=1188410583&clientId=29440&cc=1&TS=1188410583 Optional Readings Anonymous, . How to streamline healthcare. (2011, December). Canadian Healthcare Manager, 18(4), 23-24,29-30,33. Retrieved February 29, 2012, fromhttp://proquest(dot)umi(dot)com/pqdweb?did=2535842661&sid=6&Fmt=3&clientId=29440&RQT=309&VName=PQD Spiegel, M. et. al. (2003). Quality of health care delivered to adults in the United States. The New England Journal of Medicine 349 (19); pg. 1866. Retrieved Novemer 28, 2011 from http://proquest(dot)umi(dot)com/pqdweb?did=442885921&sid=1&Fmt=4&clientId=29440&RQT=309&VName=PQD Jaspen, B. (2002). Low-Quality Health Care Costs United States Nearly $400 Billion Annually. Knight Ridder Tribune Business News. Washington: Jun 11, 2002. pg. 1. Retrieved November 28, 2011 from http://proquest(dot)umi(dot)com/pqdweb?did=124414531&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=29440&RQT=309&VName=PQD Anonymous (1994). Cost of Health Care in the United States Is Continuing to Grow. New York Times. (Late Edition (East Coast)). New York, N.Y.: Nov 27, 1994. pg. A.35. Retrieved November 28, 2011 from http://proquest(dot)umi(dot)com/pqdweb?did=968529731&sid=2&Fmt=3&clientId=29440&RQT=309&VName=PQD   source..
Content:

Comparison between the American and Canadian Healthcare Systems
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Comparison between the American and Canadian Healthcare Systems
Healthcare provision has formed part of the bulk in debates amongst recent American presidential hopefuls. The common perception is that healthcare in the United States is deteriorating and drastic efficient measures should be put in place to ensure that the American citizen [despite their class in society or their income] receives proper healthcare. Comparison has always been made to the Canadian health system which has been considered more comprehensive. Therefore it becomes imperative that comparison be made between both systems so that conclusive insights are obtained on ways to improve the American healthcare system. Of course it cannot be gainsaid that the American healthcare systems is bogus, rather what is required is streamlining of some issues to ensure efficacy in the public healthcare department. The purpose of this paper therefore is to bring to light the differences [and similarities in some instances] between both systems and in the end see what necessary changes are to be preferred in terms of access, cost, quality and continuity of healthcare in both systems. Access to Healthcare Access to healthcare primarily relies on the amount a person wants or the amount a person has available to spend on their health. This means that the healthcare provider in a country is the determinant factor in a person’s access to healthcare. In the US, healthcare is provided through a number of facilities or legal entities that are majorly operated and owned by the private sector (Lasser, 2006). The government or the public sector has its role in provision of health insurance. The government has used various programs to ensure that health insurance is provided to the citizens. Programs like TRICARE, Medicare [provided to the aging] (Spiegel et al, 2003) Children’s Health Insurance Program, Medicaid and Veterans Health Administration have accounted for 65% of all medical insurance. The remainder is covered by employers while other people choose to buy their own insurance. Unfortunately, people who are not insured do exist in this category too [thereby limiting their access to healthcare]. The uninsured group according to a U.S. Census Bureau represented 16.3% [or 50 million citizens] in 2010 (DeNavas-Walt, Proctor, Smith & Jessica, 2011). The access to healthcare in Canada is different with the government providing the services through a healthcare system that is publicly funded, and which is nearly free. Although the services provided by the healthcare system are realized from the private sector, the Canadian government has stepped in by guiding healthcare provision through the Canada Health Act of 1984. This has ensured that all the Canadian citizens have got access to medical services. The medical costs are usually paid from funds accrued from income taxes. The only prov...
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