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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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SiteVisit (Foodborne Illness Outbreak) (Essay Sample)

The epidemiologists have contacted the school. You have been requested to join them in conducting a site visit of the school. see site information below from school Please answer these questions: Based on the information that you obtained during your site visit, did the outbreak occur in the school cafeteria or at the school party? Explain. What is the incidence rate of this foodborne illness? In general, what is the difference between an incidence rate and a prevalence rate? Assignment Expectations, in order to earn full credit: Please write your paper in your own words. That is the only way I can evaluate your level of understanding. Quotes are rarely needed; if necessary, they should comprise less than 10% of a paper and must be properly cited. Even though the papers must be written in your own words, you are required to cite sources for any statement of fact or idea that is not common knowledge. You must cite the sources within the body of the paper and include a reference list at the end of the paper. Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable source of information. Use credible, professional, and scholarly sources such as journal articles from ProQuest or EBSCO, and government, university, or nonprofit organizations' Web sites. You must clearly show that you have read the module homepage and the required background materials. You are welcome to do research in addition to -- but not instead of -- the required readings. Your papers will be evaluated on the following factors: References - citations are used within the body of the paper any time you state a fact or idea that is not common knowledge. A reference list is included at the end of the paper. Precision - you follow all instructions and you answer each part of the assignment. Breadth - you show broad knowledge of the module's topic. Depth - you go into detail to show more critical thought about the specific tasks or questions in the assignment. Clarity - the extent to which you elaborate and include discussion or examples as asked. Application - the extent to which you apply the information to a real-life situation related to the assignment, if asked. Site Visit to School During your meeting, the school nurse informs you that the students who were ill ate lunch in the cafeteria every day. They also had a class party for both sixth grade classes on Friday afternoon, January 11. She mentioned that the kids had mostly diarrhea, fever, and some vomiting. FOR GRADES K-6 Hours: 11:00a.m. -12:00 p.m. -Monday 1/7 Chili Cheese Dog on Bun Brussel Sprouts Fruit Cup Milk -Tuesday 1/8 Fish on Bun Spinach Cup Apple Sauce Milk -Wednesday 1/9 Chicken and Noodles Diced Carrots Bread & Butter Milk -Thursday 1/10 Nachos w/ Beef and Cheese Green Salad Bread & Butter Milk -Friday 1/11 Chicken Nuggets Green Peas Rice Milk January 11 - 2:00 p.m. Party -Purchased from Mom and Pop's Chicken: Barrel of Chicken Potato Salad -Purchased from Shop N' Slop Grocery Store: Ice Cream Potato Chips Pepsi -Home-Prepared Apple pie with whipped cream topping Elementary School - Class List Grade Classroom Number of Students Number Ill K 10 58 0 11 60 0 1 12 58 0 13 60 0 2 14 56 0 15 56 0 3 20 58 0 21 56 0 4 22 58 0 23 60 0 5 24 60 0 25 60 0 6 100 50 20 102 50 20 TOTAL 800 40 source..

Foodborne Illness Outbreak
Source of the outbreak
According to data from the site visit, it is clear that the outbreak occurred at the party and not at the institution’s cafeteria. Although the entire students’ fraternity regularly ate lunch from the cafeteria, not a single student from the other grades fell ill. The outbreak only affected sixth grade students who had attended the class party held on the afternoon of January 11. As such, the outbreak may have been caused by contamination of foodstuffs that had been purchased for the party from the grocery and the chicken store as well as the home-prepared victuals the student had brought with them.
Incidence rate of the outbreak
Each of the two affected sixth grade classes had a total of 50 students. Consequently, all the 100 sixth graders who had attended the party were primarily at risk of contracting...
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