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3 pages/≈825 words
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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence Nursing Essay (Essay Sample)


Diversity has a significant influence on health care. Studying transcultural health care helps health professionals understand different cultures in order to provide holistic and individualized health care. Review the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence, including the theory, framework and 12 domains. Write 750-1,000 word paper exploring the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence. Include the following:
Explain the theory and organizational framework of the Purnell Model, and discuss its relevance to transcultural health care.
Describe Purnell's 12 domains of culture, and assess how each of these domains plays an active role in the diversity of health care in your specific field.(Nursing)
Discuss how this model can be applied when working with different cultures in order to become a more culturally competent health care provider.
Cite at least three references, including the course textbook.
Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. 
Explanation uses details and support to clearly illustrate Purnell's theory and organizational framework. The purposes of the model are described. Discussion is insightful. Support and examples are provided that demonstrate the relevance of the model to transcultural health care
An in-depth description of Purnell's 12 domains of culture is presented. A detailed analysis of the domains and their application in the student's specific field of health care is clearly presented. Analysis contains specific examples of the model's application for diverse cultures. Application of the model is insightful and has true application potential.
Application of Purnell's model is presented. Discussion provides a clear approach to cultivating cultural competence. The application of Purnell's model is inclusive for all cultures or variants of culture. The proposed application of this model clearly supports cultural competency.
Thesis and/or main claim are comprehensive; contained within the thesis is the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.
There is a sophisticated construction of paragraphs and transitions. Ideas progress and relate to each other. Paragraph and transition construction guide the reader. Paragraph structure is seamless.
Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English
All format elements are correct.


The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence
The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence
Cultural competence has become an essential component within the health care settings due to multiculturalism and diversity in health care. Providing holistic and more individualized health care services based on patients cultural values and beliefs has become the cornerstone of health care practice. Several models have been developed to guide nurses and other health care professionals to deliver cultural congruent care (Shen, 2014). This essay will discuss Purnell model of cultural competence and its relevance within the health settings. The essay describes the 12 domains of Purnell model and assesses how each domain plays an active role when applied by nurses serving patients from different ethnic backgrounds.
The Theory and Organizational Framework of the Purnell Model
Larry Purnell developed a model of cultural competence while teaching undergraduate students concerning cultural differences. The model includes circles with 12 constructs that influence culture. The inner rim of the circle represents the person, followed by the circle representing the family then the community. The outer rim represents the global society. Purnell model of cultural competence is based on several theories and research related to family development, communication, organizational theories, and other disciplines like religion nutrition and ecology (Betancourt et al., 2014).
According to Betancourt et al., (2014), developing cultural competence requires health care practitioners to achieve competency through four main processes. Nurses need to initially develop unconscious incompetence before gaining conscious competence to reach unconscious competence. The core concepts of culture include religious affiliation, gender, age, race, nationality, and color. Secondary characteristics include political beliefs, parental and marital status and physical characteristics among others (Betancourt et al., 2014),
The inside circles of the model comprise of 12 pieces shaped blocks that represent cultural domains and their constructs with each one being interrelated. The center of the model is empty meaning that there are unknown facets of cultural groups. ...
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