2 pages/≈550 words
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Essay Sample)
*continuation from first post* onsider a clinical environment in which you are currently working or have recently worked. Identify a problem, issue, or educational deficit upon which to build a proposal for change. In a paper of no more than 500 words, describe the nature of the problem, issue, or educational deficit. Include the following in your discussion: 1. The setting and/or context in which the problem, issue, or educational deficit can be observed. 2. Detailed description of the problem, issue, or educational deficit. 3. Impact of the problem, issue, or educational deficit on the work environment, the quality of care provided by staff, and patient outcomes. 4. Gravity of the problem, issue, or educational deficit and its significance to nursing. 5. Proposed solution to address the problem, issue, or educational deficit. Prepare for the capstone project by listening to the audio interview, "Capstone: Planning Your Project" located at http://lc(dot)gcumedia(dot)com/zwebassets/courseMaterialPages/nrs441v_capstone.php. Review "Module 1: Checklist." This resource will assist you in organizing your work and will provide additional information regarding the assignment. Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. source..
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Apnea is the temporary cessation of breathing (Kapur, 2010). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a situation where the patient has recurrent episodes of apnea due to closure/narrowing of the pharyngeal airway during sleep. The closure is attributed to decreased tone in the pharyngeal muscles that support the airway during sleep. This leads to hypopneas (partial reductions) and apneas (complete pauses) in breathing. These episodes last at least ten seconds during sleep (Kapur, 2010). The duration of most pauses is between 10 to 30 seconds (Gibson, 2004). The process causes abrupt reduction in blood O2 saturation (Gibson, 2004). The brain reacts by alerting the body humoral mechanism, leading to a brief arousal from sleep. The brief arousal restores the normal breathing. The pattern is persistent, and can occur hundreds of time per night, resulting in fragmented sleep quality. This often culminates in excessive levels of daytime somnolence (Kapur, 2010).
The prevalence of OSA increases from middle ages to older ages. OSA, with resulting daytime somnolence, occurs in at least 2 percent of women, and 4 percent of men (Butt et al., 2012). About 9 percent of women and 24 percent of men have OSA breathing symptoms (Butt et al., 2012). More than 80 percent of adults with OSA remain undiagnosed (Kapur, 2010). In light of the above figures, the problem is widespread, and warrants further insight into the management options. There are various risk factors of OSA. People who are overweight (Body Mass Inde...
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