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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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NUR-504-RS Assignment: Research Design, Study Methods (Essay Sample)


Include the APA reference note. Abstract/Purpose
Craft a 100-150 word summary of the research. Research/Study
Describe the design of the relevant research or study in the article. Methods
Describe the methods used, including tools, systems, etc. Setting/Subject
Identify the population and
the setting in which the study was conducted. Findings/Results
Identify the relevant findings, including any specific data points that may be of interest to your EBP project. Variables
Describe the independent and dependent variables in the research/study. Implication for Practice
Articulate the value of the research to the EBP project your group has chosen.
Independent Variable Dependent Variable


Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Francis, L., & Fitzpatrick, J. J. (2013). Postoperative pain: Nurses’ knowledge and patients’ experiences. Pain Management Nursing, 14(4), 351-357.
Patients who have undergone some form of surgery experiences pain afterwards. The intensity of the pain depends on the knowledge and experiences of the nurses and how they handle patients' pain afterwards. Therefore, the aim of the study was to determine the knowledge and experience of the nurse after surgical operations and identify the intensity of the pain the patients experience after clinical operations. The study notes that it is important to assess and manage the postoperative pain in surgical patients since inadequate relief of the pain may lead to many complications in the patients. The study employed an exploratory study design in a large teaching hospital in the USA. It used a population of 31 nurses from two surgical units and 14 patients who have undergone surgical operations and had received patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). In measuring the nurses' knowledge regarding pain management, the Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain was employed. It also used the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire was used to measures the intensity of pain on patients. From the findings, nurses scored 69.3% while SF-MPQ showed that patients experienced moderate pain.
Research Design
Nurses' knowledge and patients' experiences on postoperative pain remains the less studied area. So there are a lot of question that needs to be answered and framework for future studies in the area be laid. To achieve this, the study used an exploratory design to achieve its objectives.
Study Methods
The study employed a systematic sampling technique in choosing its sample. The study included nurses from the gastrointestinal and urologic units. Only nurses who have spent more than three months in the units were chosen while those who were newly recruited and had an experience of 3 months and below were excluded from the study. Patients who were in their first and second day of postoperative experience and had received patient-controlled analgesia were included in the study. Only those patients who spoke and understood English participated in the study. It excluded patients with cognitive impairments and who had a history of substance abuse.
The Knowledge and Attitudes Survey Regarding Pain was used to measure nurses' knowledge about pain management. This tool was tested for both validity and reliability. Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) was used to measure the intensity of patients' pain after clinical surgeries. This wool was also te...
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