2 pages/≈550 words
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Measurements of Disease (Essay Sample)
Measurement of Disease Author's Name Institution Question 1 Of the three transportation modes (airplanes, automobiles, motorcycles), motorcycles pose the greatest risk. The rate of accidents in motorcycles is (3,000 accidents casesÃ·10, 000 numbers of drivers=30%), automobiles (10,000 accidents casesÃ·100, 000 numbers of drivers=10%), and airplanes (30 accidents casesÃ·5, 000 numbers of drivers=0. 6%). Therefore, motorcycles have the highest accident rates (30%). In terms of occurrence of motorcycle crashes, age is a key determinant. In general, younger riders under the age of 40 are more likely to cause or be involved in motorcycle accidents (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [NHTSA], 2001). Nonetheless, older rural and town riders have an increased propensity for fatal crashes. In a significant portion of fatal crashes, alcohol is involved. Many of the fatal crashes are caused by male drivers. There are key ethnic and urban clusters which can be points of focus with regards to drug use and motorcycle fatalities (NHTSA, 2001). With the above factors in mind, the appropriate target population would be young males (below 40 years), living in suburban or town areas. Question 2 When planning for a prevention program, it is imperative to conduct a situational assessment. It is strongly advised to execute a thorough and well-planned assessment (World Health Organization [WHO], 2004). This does not necessarily translate to a complicated or a prolonged process, but may mean simply setting out some time to compile and search for existing relevant information with regards to motorcycle accidents and the events surrounding. Good data are imperative in assessing the needs of this population. Henceforth, data should be complete, accurate, appropriate and reliable. One should seek out to identify data, in addition to problems revolving around the data itself. Knowledge of such shortcomings in the data will further assist in setting realistic objectives as...
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