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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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Measurements of Disease (Essay Sample)

The Office of Injury Prevention has just received some money from the government to set up a health education program to prevent accidents. First, the director of the program is interested in determining which mode of transportation poses the biggest public health risk. Please answer these questions: 1. Based on the data below, which mode of transportation is the riskiest? Explain your response. Based on this response who would be the target population for the accident prevention health education program? 2. What would you do to further assess the needs of this population regarding accident prevention? 3.What factors would you need to consider when planning the health education strategies? Your case assignment should be 2-3 pages long. OFFICE OF TRANSPORTATION SAFETY REPORT Airplanes Automobiles Motorcycles Number of drivers 5,000 100,000 10,000 Number of accidents 30 10,000 3,000 For hint, Example If you were asked which group has the highest risk of lung cancer in the table below, which would you choose? AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENT INSTITUTE Country A Country B Country C Population 200million 50 million 100 million Number of lung cancer cases 20 million 10 million 15 million The correct answer is Country B If you used a rate to identifythis group as the highest risk, you have mastered a fundamental concept of epidemiology. The rate of lung cancer in Country B is: Rate = 10million cases ÷ 50 million population = 20% The rate of lung cancer inCountry B is equal to 20% (the highest rate of the three groups). ssignment Expectations, in order to earn full credit: Please write your paper in your own words. That is the only way I can evaluate your level of understanding. Quotes are rarely needed; if necessary, they should comprise less than 10% of a paper and must be properly cited. Even though the papers must be written in your own words, you are required to cite sources for any statement of fact or idea that is not common knowledge. You must cite the sources within the body of the paper and include a reference list at the end of the paper. Note: Wikipedia is not an acceptable source of information. Use credible, professional, and scholarly sources such as journal articles from ProQuest or EBSCO, and government, university, or nonprofit organizations' Web sites. You must clearly show that you have read the module homepage and the required background materials. You are welcome to do research in addition to -- but not instead of -- the required readings. Your papers will be evaluated on the following factors: References - citations are used within the body of the paper any time you state a fact or idea that is not common knowledge. A reference list is included at the end of the paper. Precision - you follow all instructions and you answer each part of the assignment. Breadth - you show broad knowledge of the module's topic. Depth - you go into detail to show more critical thought about the specific tasks or questions in the assignment. Clarity - the extent to which you elaborate and include discussion or examples as asked. Application - the extent to which you apply the information to a real-life situation related to the assignment, if asked. Before you begin, please review this information about When to Cite Sources http://www(dot)princeton(dot)edu/pr/pub/integrity/pages/cite/ Other resources are available at http://owl(dot)english(dot)purdue(dot)edu/owl/resource/560/02/ Privacy Policy | Contact source..
Measurement of Disease Author's Name Institution Question 1 Of the three transportation modes (airplanes, automobiles, motorcycles), motorcycles pose the greatest risk. The rate of accidents in motorcycles is (3,000 accidents cases÷10, 000 numbers of drivers=30%), automobiles (10,000 accidents cases÷100, 000 numbers of drivers=10%), and airplanes (30 accidents cases÷5, 000 numbers of drivers=0. 6%). Therefore, motorcycles have the highest accident rates (30%). In terms of occurrence of motorcycle crashes, age is a key determinant. In general, younger riders under the age of 40 are more likely to cause or be involved in motorcycle accidents (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [NHTSA], 2001). Nonetheless, older rural and town riders have an increased propensity for fatal crashes. In a significant portion of fatal crashes, alcohol is involved. Many of the fatal crashes are caused by male drivers. There are key ethnic and urban clusters which can be points of focus with regards to drug use and motorcycle fatalities (NHTSA, 2001). With the above factors in mind, the appropriate target population would be young males (below 40 years), living in suburban or town areas. Question 2 When planning for a prevention program, it is imperative to conduct a situational assessment. It is strongly advised to execute a thorough and well-planned assessment (World Health Organization [WHO], 2004). This does not necessarily translate to a complicated or a prolonged process, but may mean simply setting out some time to compile and search for existing relevant information with regards to motorcycle accidents and the events surrounding. Good data are imperative in assessing the needs of this population. Henceforth, data should be complete, accurate, appropriate and reliable. One should seek out to identify data, in addition to problems revolving around the data itself. Knowledge of such shortcomings in the data will further assist in setting realistic objectives as...
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