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Introduction To The Humanities: Slavery (Essay Sample)


Essay Topic: Investigate the history of slavery and discuss the ways in which this history impacts contemporary society. NOTE: Please remember to focus on a specific humanities-based area of impact (i.e. art, music, literature, history, philosophy).  Keep in mind that your primary focus should be the impact of slavery upon contemporary society and not upon the history of slavery or its impact upon areas unrelated to the humanities

For example, you might focus on the impact of slavery upon contemporary African American sculpture.

Please note that the Week Four Course Project Assignment has TWO requirements--an Annotated Bibliography containing a total of five sources and a first draft Introduction to your intended essay. Create a complete Annotated Bibliography for 5 academic scholarly sources, which include your introduction and thesis, publication details, and the annotation. A total of 5 academic-scholarly sources are required for completion of your final research project. An annotated bibliography is simply a properly formatted APA reference entry for a source followed by a brief description of the relevant contents of that source. each annotation must be between 150-250 words.  (Please note that your annotation word count does not include the APA reference.)

Scholarship means that:

• the author has a Ph.D. or other terminal degree,

• the work appears in a multi-volume, peer-reviewed journal,

• and has ample references at the end.

Good annotations:

• capture publication details,

• offer a student introduction and thesis, and

• a detailed reading of the source, covering the following:1. Offers the student's introduction and thesis to the best extent s/he knows it at this point in time,

2. Summarizes key points, and

3. Identifies key terms (using quotation marks, and citing a page in parentheses);

4. Locates controversies or "problems" raised by the articles;

5. States whether the student agrees or disagrees and gives reasons;

6. Locates one or two quotations to be used in the final research project; and

7. Evaluates the ways in which this article is important and has helped the student to focus his/her understanding.


Introduction to the Humanities
Introduction to the Humanities
Slavery is a practice that began a long time ago in the post-colonial era where Africans and African Americans were used to provide forced labor to their white masters. Even though various parts of the world experienced this, the case the practice was rampant in the American South where black slaves were exposed to very harsh conditions. Due to this, most slaves used music as a way of surviving the difficult times. Generally, the songs were used as a means of reminding the slaves of their togetherness and also to kill boredom as well as give them morale as they worked. Sometimes the songs lamented of the harsh conditions they were exposed to or simply spoke of hope, redemption and freedom. Because of the continued use of music as a form of expression, the ideals used during this time are still evident in contemporary society. The contemporary society has adopted the use of music as a way of expression, and in most cases, songs are used for particular occasions. In the same way, the idea of the use of musical instruments such as the drum has now been widely adopted. Through alluding to the history of slavery, musicians have proven that there is increased awareness all over the world in all areas of life. The contemporary society has been impacted largely by the history of slavery as shown by the articles discussed below.
Bush, B. (2006, November 2). African Echoes, Modern Fusions: Caribbean Music, Identity and Resistance in the African Diaspora. Journal of Music Reference Services Quarterly, 10(1), N.p.
In this article, the author discusses music as a form of resistance used by African slaves against their oppressive white masters. The continued of music by the slaves posed a threat to the slave owners who felt that the ability to unanimously express themselves would give the slaves the courage to rebel against their owners. The article further notes that this use of music as a way of expression and resistance is still being used today in Caribbean music culture. Evidently, dance is also used alongside music to show this resistance and cultural expression. In addition, the article explores how African-American rap, raga and Jamaican Reggae influence black British music. Generally, this study agrees that indeed African diaspora music that evolved because of slavery has been of great influence on “the global rhythms of resistance”.
The article is relevant in that it helps one to understand how the slavery of Africans contributed and inspired the rhythms used in modern music, not only in Caribbean but in the whole world as well.
Howard R, and Jeremiah, C. (2015, January 1). "I Own My Own Masters": Rap Music and Slavery Reference. Journal of Ethnic American Literature, 5, N.p.
This study focuses on slavery references or allusions used by modern-day musicians to show awareness both politically and culturally. According to the authors, this is referred to as black consciousness and is expressed widely in modern rap music. Usually, music artists refer to the history of slavery to address issues of oppression and freedom. The study gives an example of the song lyrics “I own my own masters” by Jay Z in which the rapper boasts of how the black man now has power over the white man when the case was completely different in the slavery era. Moreover, it is also noted that rap music often includes the mention of influential ex-slaves including Nat Turner and Harriet Tubman and many others as a show that Africans and African Americans are now more culturally and politically aware. Evidently, using slavery as a point of reference makes rap music artists to be perceived as being

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