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APA
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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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Research Critique: the Effect of Fast Food Restaurants on Obesity by Currie et al (2009) - Research Critique, Part 2 (Essay Sample)

Instructions:
Question Prepare a critical analysis of a quantitative study focusing on protection of human participants, data collection, data analysis, problem statement, and interpretation of findings. Each study analysis will be 1,000 - 1,100 words and submitted in one document. Refer to the resource Research Critique, Part 2. Questions under each heading should be addressed as a narrative, in the structure of a formal paper. Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. This assignment uses a grading rubric. Instructors will be using the rubric to grade the assignment; therefore, students should review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the assignment criteria and expectations for successful completion of the assignment. Submit the assignment along with an electronic version of the article used for the analysis. If an electronic version is not available, submit a clean unmarked copy of the article. The following information was provided by the instructor to use in completing the assignment, if instructions are not followed paper will not be graded. Research Critique, Part 2 To write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of the research study conducted, respond to each of the questions listed under the headings below. Do not answer the questions with a yes or no; rather, provide a rationale or include examples or content from the study to address the questions. CRITICAL APPRAISAL GUIDELINES: QUANTITATIVE STUDY Protection of Human Participants - Identify the benefits and risks of participation addressed by the authors. Were there benefits or risks the authors do not identify? - Was informed consent obtained from the subjects or participants? - Did it seem that the subjects participated voluntarily in the study? - Was institutional review board approval obtained from the agency in which the study was conducted? Data Collection - Are the major variables (independent and dependent variables) identified and defined? What were these variables? - How were data collected in this study? - What rationale did the author provide for using this data collection method? - Identify the time period for data collection of the study. - Describe the sequence of data collection events for a participant. Data Management and Analysis - Describe the data management and analysis methods used in the study. - Did the author discuss how the rigor of the process was assured? For example, does the author describe maintaining a paper trail of critical decisions that were made during the analysis of the data? Was statistical software used to ensure accuracy of the analysis? - What measures were used to minimize the effects of researcher bias (their experiences and perspectives)? For example, did two researchers independently analyze the data and compare their analyses? Findings / Interpretation of Findings - What is the researcher's interpretation of findings? - Are the findings valid or an accurate reflection of reality? Do you have confidence in the findings? - What limitations of the study were identified by researchers? - Was there a coherent logic to the presentation of findings? - What implications do the findings have for nursing practice? For example, can the study findings be applied to general nursing practice, to a specific population, to a specific area of nursing? - What suggestions are made for further studies? Reference Burns, N., & Grove, S. (2011). Understanding Nursing Research (5th ed.). Elsevier. ISBN-13: 9781437707502 This assignment uses Rubric for grading assignment, pls follow the 100% grading criteria to complete this assignment. rubric below. Research Critique, Part 2 1 Unsatisfactory 0%-71% 71.00% 2 Less Than Satisfactory 72%-75% 75.00% 3 Satisfactory 76%-83% 83.00% 4 Good 84%-94% 94.00% 5 Excellent 95% - 100% 100.00% 80.0 %Content 15.0 %Protection of human participants Does not critique protection of human participants. Some of the study tools are critiqued. Ethical issues are not addressed for quantitative design. The study tools are critiqued. Ethical issues are discussed for quantitative design. The study tools are critiqued using research terminology. Ethical issues are addressed for quantitative design. The study tools are thorough, clear and accurately critiqued using research terminology. Ethical issues are addressed for quantitative design. 15.0 %Data collection Does not critique data collection methods. Data collection methods are critiqued, but not to the full extent or including ethical issues. Data collection methods and potential biases are reviewed. Ethical issues are described. Interview and/or data collection processes are presented. Data collection methods are critiqued and potential biases are reviewed. Ethical issues are described. Interview and/or data collection processes are critiqued. Data collection methods are fully critiqued, and potential biases are addressed. Potential ethical issues, interview and/or data collection processes are critiqued. 15.0 %Data analysis (quantitative) data management Does not critique data analysis or management. Data analysis is described. Significance and non-significance are explained; generalization and implications to nursing practice are not fully addressed. Conclusions are vague. Data analysis is described and linked to research questions. Results are explained, and implications to nursing practice are reviewed. Conclusions are presented. Data analysis is critiqued and tied to research questions. Results are explained, generalization and implications to nursing practice are reviewed. Conclusions are tied back to purpose of study. Data analysis is accurately critiqued and linked to research questions. Significance and non-significance explained; generalization and implications to nursing practice reviewed. Conclusions tied back to purpose of study and literature review. 15.0 %Quality of study (quantitative) Discussion Quality of study and discussion are not critiqued. Quality of study and discussion, including strengths and weaknesses, is not fully discussed. Strengths and weaknesses of the study are addressed and include discussion of clinical implications of findings. Strengths and weaknesses of the study are addressed and include discussion of clinical implications of findings. Credibility of study is addressed. Strengths and weaknesses of the study are fully summarized from critique, with discussion of clinical implications of findings. Credibility of study is addressed. 15.0 %Implications for practice and future research. Implications for the nursing practice and future research are not addressed Implications for the nursing practice and future research are mentioned but not fully addressed Implications for the nursing practice and future research are addressed and explained Implications for the nursing practice and future research are addressed and explained with specific suggestions mentioned Implications for the nursing practice and future research are addressed and explained in detail, including specific suggestions 5.0 %Conclusion Conclusion does not summarize a critical appraisal and applicability of findings. Conclusion is vague and does not discuss importance to nursing. Summarizes utility of the research and importance to nursing practice. Summarizes utility of the research from the critical appraisal and the findings importance to nursing practice. Summarizes utility of the research from the critical appraisal, knowledge learned, and the importance of the findings to nursing practice. 15.0 %Organization and Effectiveness 5.0 %Thesis Development and Purpose Paper lacks any discernible overall purpose or organizing claim. Thesis and/or main claim are insufficiently developed and/or vague; purpose is not clear. Thesis and/or main claim are apparent and appropriate to purpose. Thesis and/or main claim are clear and forecast the development of the paper. It is descriptive and reflective of the arguments and appropriate to the purpose. Thesis and/or main claim are comprehensive; contained within the thesis is the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear. 5.0 %Paragraph Development and Transitions Paragraphs and transitions consistently lack unity and coherence. No apparent connections between paragraphs are established. Transitions are inappropriate to purpose and scope. Organization is disjointed. Some paragraphs and transitions may lack logical progression of ideas, unity, coherence, and/or cohesiveness. Some degree of organization is evident. Paragraphs are generally competent, but ideas may show some inconsistency in organization and/or in their relationships to each other. A logical progression of ideas between paragraphs is apparent. Paragraphs exhibit a unity, coherence, and cohesiveness. Topic sentences and concluding remarks are appropriate to purpose. There is a sophisticated construction of paragraphs and transitions. Ideas progress and relate to each other. Paragraph and transition construction guide the reader. Paragraph structure is seamless. 5.0 %Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, grammar, language use) Surface errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Inappropriate word choice and/or sentence construction are used. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors distract the reader. Inconsistencies in language choice (register), sentence structure, and/or word choice are present. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but are not overly distracting to the reader. Correct sentence structure and audience-appropriate language are used. Prose is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. A variety of sentence structures and effective figures of speech are used. Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English. 5.0 %Format 2.0 %Paper Format(1- inch margins;12-point-font;double-spaced;Times New Roman, Arial, or Courier) Template is not used appropriately or documentation format is rarely followed correctly. Template is used, but some elements are missing or mistaken; lack of control with formatting is apparent. Template is used, and formatting is correct, although some minor errors may be present. Template is fully used; There are virtually no errors in formatting style. All format elements are correct. 3.0 %Research Citations (In-text citations for paraphrasing and direct quotes, and reference page listing and formatting, as appropriate to assignment) No reference page is included. No citations are used. Reference page is present. Citations are inconsistently used. Reference page is included and lists sources used in the paper. Sources are appropriately documented, although some errors may be present. Reference page is present and fully inclusive of all cited sources. Documentation is appropriate and GCU style is usually correct. In-text citations and a reference page are complete. The documentation of cited sources is free of error. 100 %Total Weightage Lastly this assignment is the continuation of part 1, same writer is needed to complete the part 2. I am willing to release my username and password to gain assess to GCU library if needed. Plagerized paper will be penalized by the school. Please writer should not forget to Submit the assignment along with an electronic version of the article used for the analysis. If an electronic version is not available, submit a clean unmarked copy of the article. source..
Content:
Research Critique: the Effect of Fast Food Restaurants on Obesity by Currie et al (2009)
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Protection of human participants
This study included students of ninth grade and sought information from mothers and restaurants across various states: Texas, New Jersey, and Michigan. Learners were subjected to a fitness evaluation by use of the fitness gram as part of the study. After this assessment, the percentage of pupils that were obese were then identified, as well as those with acceptable level of aerobic capacity, abdominal strength, trunk strength, and the strength of the upper body. The authors also employed body fat measure system in determining the level of obesity in these learners. The mother’s data were gathered across three states, Texas, New Jersey, and Michigan where their confidential information such as their names, age, level of education, ethnicity, gender of the child and her behavior during pregnancy were sought. Information from restaurants was obtained from the database of National Time Series establishments.
The authors of this study however, failed to inform the participants particularly students on the benefits and risks of their participation. Moreover, Informed consent was not obtained from the learners or the mothers whose confidential information were used in the study. It can therefore, be said that the researchers failed on this duty of informing their participants on the risks and benefits associated with their participation. According to research ethics, prospective participants in any research ought to provide sufficient information on the potential risks and benefits of their participation. This is essential as it enables them to decide whether to take part in the study or not (University of North Carolina, 2013).
The body fat measure was also a potential risk to these students since it could negatively affect the health of these students. Another aspect is that since the authors wanted to compare the findings from learners of different races, participants from minority groups could have felt prejudiced has they may have a perception that the study may “expose their deficiencies”. This may make some of them not to participate or give a wrong view. It could be better if the authors had designed the study in a manner of solving the problems without necessarily categorizing participants according to their races.
The authors of the study do not identify whether they sought approval from the public review board. One of the research ethics is to seek board approval from where the research is to be conducted. Although it seems that the student’s participation was voluntary, the mothers and restaurants included were not aware if their data were being used from the study. This was a contravention of the research ethics.
Data Collection
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of fast foods among learners an...
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