Diabetes: Endocrine And Musculoskeletal System (Essay Sample)
Endocrine and Musculoskeletal System
The endocrine and musculoskeletal systems play important roles in the regulation and coordination of activities throughout the body. When alterations of these systems occur, many patients require long-term drug therapies. In addition to drugs prescribed by their health care providers, patients with these disorders also often take herbal and dietary supplements. According to the American Diabetes Association, 22 percent of diabetic patients use herbal therapy and 31 percent use dietary supplements (American Diabetes Association, 2009). This may impact the effects of prescribed drugs, as well as pose a concern of adverse drug reactions in patients. When treating patients with endocrine and musculoskeletal disorders, it is important to educate patients on associated risks. As an advanced practice nurse prescribing drugs, you must carefully consider all drug, herbal, and dietary therapies prior to finalizing treatment plans.
This week you examine types of drugs prescribed to patients with endocrine and musculoskeletal disorders, as well as the impact of patient factors on the effects of drugs. You also explore ways to improve patient treatment plans including suggested drug therapies. Finally, you examine types of diabetes and the impact of diabetes drugs on patients.
By the end of this week, students will:
Analyze types of drugs prescribed to treat endocrine and musculoskeletal disorders.
Evaluate the impact of patient factors on the effects of prescribed drugs for endocrine and musculoskeletal disorders.
Evaluate drug therapy plans to treat endocrine and musculoskeletal disorders.
Analyze patient education strategies for treatment and management of endocrine and musculoskeletal disorders.
Diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar is too high. Blood sugar is the primary source of energy and is obtained from the consumed food. The consumed glucose is transformed into energy with the help of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas (Forouhi & Wareham, 2010). However, sometimes the produced insulin is not fully utilized or not used at all making glucose remain in the blood and not reach the cells. Having too much blood in the blood results in health problems (Holt & Kumar, 2015). Even though there is no cure for diabetes it can be managed by various steps for one to stay healthy.
Although there are three major types of diabetes, there are pre-diabetes which is a stage before diabetes and is commonly referred to as Impaired glucose tolerance where the blood sugar rises above the normal range but does not qualify to be classified as diabetes. Individuals who have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if they do not observe it keenly. However, they can prevent it from progressing into type 2 diabetes by observing a healthy lifestyle.
The first type of diabetes is Type 1 diabetes which is also known as Juvenile diabetes because it affects people under the age of 20. It presents itself when an individual is a child or young adult. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin because the pancreas cells which are responsible for producing it have been attacked by the immune system hence the reason why it is considered as an Autoimmune disease. It is commonly diagnosed in individuals under the age of 20 and an app
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