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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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Radioisotopes (tracers) which can determine cancerous tumours locations (Essay Sample)

Dear support, please be aware that paper is about detection not treatment. and please make sure you look at the marking scheme , and do not try to do too many different isotopes. here is the marking scheme for this paper: 1. Description of the process – can I understand what the process is, what the purpose is, why it is used, how it takes place, where, when, etc? I need to be able to visualize someone in the workplace actually doing whatever this paper is about. What is the process, where is this done, by whom? 15 mark 2. Does the paper tell me what radiation is produced and why? Essentially, what is the radiation hazard? How much? Why is this dangerous? How is it monitored? 15 mark 3. What are the health effects associated with this exposure? Is this acute or chronic? Are the health effects well-documented or is there some debate? Are any particular groups (age, gender, other demographic) especially at risk? Do the risks relate to the worker, or are other groups potentially exposed? Is this a risk to the general public? Is there any risk to those remote from the workplace? Is there a global risk associated with this exposure? 25 mark 4. What kind of protection is used/should be used to protect the worker/ the client/ the public/ the world from this hazard? Is it used? Is it 100% effective, or is there some risk remaining in spite of controls? How do we know the protection is effective? 10 mark 5. Is the paper well-written in the technical sense - logical, flowing from one topic to the next in an orderly fashion, providing a good overview of the topic, not leaving unanswered or unaddressed issues, long enough to cover the topic? Did the student write it, or did the student only “cut and paste” other peoples' writing (this would not be a good thing)? 20 mark 6. Is the paper well-written in the physical sense – word-processed, spell-checked, one-sided, large enough font, references included, diagrams or drawings if necessary, stapled or held together somehow, with the name, student number, course number and topic on the front page? 10 mark please let me know if your team are able to write this paper Thank you Maryam source..
Radioisotopes (Tracers) Which Can Determine Cancerous Tumors Locations
Radioisotopes (Tracers) Which Can Determine Cancerous Tumors Locations
Diagnostic applications of radioisotopes in nuclear medicine continue to increase globally. More than 10,000 hospitals in the world rely on radioisotopes in nuclear medicine and about 90 percent of the total procedures in these hospitals are entirely diagnostic. In nuclear medicine, radioisotopes are used to provide critical information about the body organs in normal and pathological states (Galambo & Izenstark, 2010). The current clinical applications of radioisotopes are largely in the diagnosis of brain, thyroid, bone, liver and eye cancer. Radioisotopes often give off energy which can only be detected by a special type of imaging equipment. The imaging equipment will track the movement and location of the radioisotopes thus giving a clue to doctors to know more about the cancerous tumors (Mausner, n.d). Radioisotope diagnostic procedures facilitate timely and complete diagnosis of cancerous tumors thus enabling rapid and effective treatment interventions. While radioisotopes offer little help in the diagnosis of other forms of cancers apart from the cancer of the eye, brain, thyroid, liver and bone, radioisotopes have increasingly been used in detecting various malignancies of the kidney, pancreas, parathyroid and the lungs (Mausner, n.d). Presently, there is an intensive research aimed at improving cancer diagnostic techniques and this promises a number of possibilities in the future in using radioisotopes in diagnosing even more types of malignancies (Galambo & Izenstark, 2010). This paper explores in details the different processes used in cancerous tumor location, the type of radiations involved, the possible health hazards and the protection needed to shield the health workers involved in the process of cancer diagnosis using radioisotopes.
The Radioisotope Diagnostic Procedures for Locating Cancerous Tumors
Diagnostic procedures in cancer patients are aimed at identifying the type of cancers before the patients develop any symptoms. This practice can help locate the cancers at their onset (early stages) thus making treatment of such tumors easier (Sharkey et al, 2008). At the time when symptoms begin to present themselves in the patient’s body, the cancers may have definitely begun to invade other body tissues. Some of the radiological techniques used in cancer diagnostics include positron emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (Sharkey et al, 2008). Other newer procedures combine both the PET and computer tomography (CT) scans to provide a better diagnosis compared to when traditional gamma cameras are used alone. The diagnostic radioisotopes in nuclear...
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