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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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Course Project: Part 2 Literature Review (Essay Sample)


This is a continuation of the Course Project presented in Week 2. The literature review is a critical piece in the research process because it helps a researcher determine what is currently known about a topic and identify gaps or further questions. Conducting a thorough literature review can be a time-consuming process, but the effort helps establish the foundation for everything that will follow. For this part of your Course Project, you will conduct a brief literature review to find information on the question you developed in Week 2. This will provide you with experience in searching databases and identifying applicable resources. 1. PICOT: Does the Chlorhexidine Gluconate (CHG) bathing versus the traditional bath basins for bathing patients reduce infections in critical care patients? •

Focus on the steps for conducting a literature review and for compiling your findings. •

Using the question you selected in your Week 2 Project (Part 1 of the Course Project), locate 5 or more full-text research articles that are relevant to your PICOT question. Include at least 1 systematic review and 1 integrative review if possible. Use the search tools and techniques mentioned in your readings this week to enhance the comprehensiveness and objectivity of your review. You may gather these articles from any appropriate source, but make sure at least 3 of these articles are available as full-text versions through Walden Library’s databases. •

Read through the articles carefully. Eliminate studies that are not appropriate and add others to your list as needed. Although you may include more, you are expected to include a minimum of five articles. Complete a literature review summary table using the Literature Review Summary Table Template •

Prepare to summarize and synthesize the literature using the information on writing a literature review found in Chapter 5 of the course text. Write a 3- to 4-page literature review that includes the following: •

A synthesis of what the studies reveal about the current state of knowledge on the question that you developed o Point out inconsistencies and contradictions in the literature and offer possible explanations for inconsistencies. • Preliminary conclusions on whether the evidence provides strong support for a change in practice or whether further research is needed to adequately address your inquiry •

Your literature review summary table with all references formatted in correct APA style Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2012). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. •

Fouka, G., & Mantzorou, M. (2011). What are the major ethical issues in conducting research? Is there a conflict between the research ethics and the nature of nursing? Health Science Journal, 5(1), 3–14. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. This article describes a literature review conducted to determine the most important ethical issues that nurses encounter when undertaking or participating in research. The authors detail the results of the review and make recommendations for solving some of the problems highlighted. • Newcomb, P. (2010). Evolving fairness in research on human subjects. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 23(3), 123–124. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

CitationType of Study
Design Type
Framework/TheorySettingKey Concepts/VariablesFindingsHierarchy of Evidence LevelBleasdale, S et al (2007). Effectiveness of Chiorhexidine Bathing to Reduce Catheter-Associated Bloodstream Infections in Medical Intensive Care Unit Patients. Archives Of Internal Medicine, 167(19), 2073-2079.

Type of Study:
Design Type:
Clinical trial
Experimental Crossover/ concurrent control group
Daily CHG bathing as well as soap and water have different infection redoing properties. Concepts:
CHG bathing versus water and soap use in reducing infection
Independent Variable:
CHG bathing
and water
Dependent Variable:
Catheter- associated bloodstream infections
Controlled Variable:
Daily chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) lowers primary bloodstream infection.Level IClimo, M. W et al.(2009). The effect of daily bathing with chlorhexidine on the acquisition of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, and healthcare-associated bloodstream infections: Results of a quasi-experimental multicenter trial*. Critical care medicine, 37(6), 1858-1865.
Type ...
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