BPH Case 3 Utilitarianism. Health, Medicine, Nursing Essay (Essay Sample)
Discuss the application of the following ethical theories/principles to public health. Provide recent examples within the field of public health which are consistent or inconsistent with these principles:
• Distributive Justice
Selgelid (2009) wrote:
While public health ethicists often claim that the least restrictive alternative should be used to achieve the public health goal in question, I argue that a plausible but under-recognized idea is that the least restrictive alternative might sometimes involve improvement of global health via redistributive taxation—i.e., rather than coercive social distancing measures.
What did he mean by this? Provide arguments for and against his position.
Utilitarianism is a collection or group of ethical theories that aim to promote actions that can ensure the wellbeing and happiness of a large number of people belonging to the same population (Kelly, 2017). There are different varieties or forms of utilitarianism, with each of them having its own characteristics. However, the basic idea behind all of them is the same: happiness and prosperity of other people should be given the utmost preference. In the field of public health, the concept of utilitarianism is applicable where satisfaction and happiness of patients are to be ensured. There are numerous public and private sector hospitals in the United States that serve people in the best possible ways. This means they are consistent with this principle, and doctors and nurses working there know how to bring positivity in patients’ lives by giving them the best and most effective medications and treatments. Cleveland Clinic and Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai are its good examples. The fact is that utilitarianism should exist everywhere and in all fields. This is because it ensures the happiness of a maximum number of people, and no discrimination is taken into account. When utilitarianism will exist in hospitals, then it will be easy for doctors and nurses to serve their patients and to work for the betterment and prosperity of humanity.
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