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Essay Available:
Pages:
5 pages/≈1375 words
Sources:
4 Sources
Level:
APA
Subject:
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Type:
Essay
Language:
English (U.S.)
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MS Word
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Topic:

approach to care of cancer. (Essay Sample)

Instructions:
Please do not change the writer, please use the same writer on order #00013848 Please use the GRADING RUBRIC ( which is an attachment) to write the essay. Please read the instructions below before start writing the assignment. Write a paper (1,250-1,750 words) covering the approach to care of cancer. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- a) Describe the diagnosis and staging of cancer.---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- b) Discuss at least three complications of cancer, the side effects of treatment, and methods to lessen physical and psychological effects. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2) Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, An abstract is not required, PLEASE WRITE THE REFERENCES IN APA FORMAT.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------PEASE USE THE FOLLOWING REFERENCES; 1)-Nair, M., & Peate, I. (2009). Fundamentals of applied pathophysiology: An essential guide for nursing students. West Sussex, United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN-13: 9780470517956 2)-McCance, L., Huether, S., Brashers, L., & Rote, N. (2010). Pathophysiology: The biologic basis for disease in adults and children. Maryland Heights, MO: Mosby Elsevier. ISBN-13: 9780323065849 DEAR WRITER Please see the additional references; 1)Fundamental concepts from chapters 4, 5, and 7 in the textbook 2)"A Tool To Balance Benefit and Harm When Deciding About Adjuvant Therapy" by Knops, Goossens, Burger, Stalpers, and Ubbink, from the British Journal of Cancer (2009), 3)"What Is Important for Patient Centered Care? A Qualitative Study About the Perceptions of Patients With Cancer" by Kvåle and Bondevik, from the Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences (2008), 4)"Factors Affecting the Evolution of Oncology Nursing Care" by Mick, from the Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing (2008), source..
Content:
APPROACH TO CARE OF CANCER AUTHOR NAME: UNIVERSITY : APPROCH TO CARE OF CANCER According to Mascow and Cowan (2007), cancer refers to the unrestrained cell division that takes place abnormally in the body. The cancerous cell that causes the abnormal growth is called malignant cell. A cell is a fundamental basic unit of life and it multiplies whenever the body is in need of more and dies whenever the body does not need more cells. Cancer develops when there is unrestrained growth or cell division in the body and the growth is unable to be controlled due to the high rate of cell division that is taking place at that time. Diagnosis refers to the process of identifying signs and symptoms of a disease complication; this is done through several tests that are usually carried out repeatedly by a professional doctor in order to know the causes of the signs and symptoms. In relation to cancer, staging refers to the procedure of determining how much cancer is in one`s body and where it is specifically located. According to Edge, Byrd, Compton, Fritz, Greene, and Trotti (2010), there are two main types of staging and they consist of feeling the affected area and the doctor might use his or her hands to feel. Imaging tests are also carried out during this stage and involves taking images of the affected areas and are usually painless procedures of getting images of internal organs and lastly biopsy, that is taking pieces of tumors and examine them under a microscope, the piece of tumor can be removed during a surgery operation. According to Yarbro, Frogge, Goodman and Groenwald (2000), pathologic staging is also known as surgical staging and it is based on the results and information gotten from a surgery. This staging gives treatment response and the outcome of it. It is usually done to remove the cancer, obtain tissue samples and showing extend to which the cancer has spread in the body. During diagnosis, staging is done using a staging system and the doctor uses the results and information obtained during the tests to prescribe treatment. According to Nair and Peate (2009), in staging the doctor looks for three main factors from the cancer and uses the TNM system of staging. Firstly, (T) category shows that the doctor examines the size of the tumor which is measured in centimeters or millimeters and whether it has developed into the surrounding tissues. TX shows that the tumor cannot be measured at all; T0 shows that tumor cannot be found and Tis implies that the cancer is only growing at the surface of the tissue without penetrating deep inside the tissue. The number T1, T2, T3and T4 shows how in...
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