310 SLP Issues in Healthcare Ethics Health, Medicine, Nursing Essay (Essay Sample)
ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE ETHICS
As a healthcare professional, you will be tasked with making critical decisions that will test your ethical understanding and abilities.
For your Module 2 SLP, you are to take a short quiz that will provide you with actual cases:
Open Learn. (2017). Difficult healthcare decisions: What will you choose? Retrieved from http://www(dot)open(dot)edu/openlearn/medical-ethics-quiz
For each question you can select one of two responses. Once you submit your answer to the question you will be provided with a brief summary and a percentage of individuals who agreed with your response. You are to take notes for each question as you go along in the quiz, as you only are able to take the quiz once. In a 2-page paper, complete the following:
For each question provide a brief description of the case, your response, and the percentage of individuals who agreed with you.
Explain the rationale for your response and identify and examine the ethical principles and theories the case presented. Support your rationale with scholarly reference(s).
SLP Assignment Expectations
Conduct additional research to gather sufficient information to support your analysis.
Limit your response to a maximum of 2 pages.
Support your proposal with peer-reviewed articles, and use at least 3 references. For additional information on how to recognize peer-reviewed journals, see http://www(dot)angelo(dot)edu/services/library/handouts/peerrev.php.
You may use the following source to assist in your formatting your assignment: https://owl(dot)english(dot)purdue(dot)edu/owl/resource/560/01/.
ISSUES IN HEALTHCARE ETHICS
ACEP. (n.d). The Ethics of Health Care Reform: Issues in Emergency - Medicine - An Information Paper. Retrieved from https://www.acep.org/life-as-a-physician/ethics--legal/ethics/the-ethics-of-health-care-reform-issues-in-emergency---medicine---an-information-paper/#sm.0000s5twwucmldpxvhb28muxrbrou
ACHE. (2016). ACHE code of ethics. Retrieved from https://ache.org/abt_ache/code.cfm
Airth-Kindree, N., & Kirkhorn, L. C. (2016). Ethical grand rounds: Teaching ethics at the point of care. Nursing Education Perspectives, 37(1), 48-50. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5480/13-1128
Benson, Michael D,M.D., F.A.C.O.G., Benson, Jordan B,C.P.A., J.D., & Stein, Mark S,J.D., PhD. (2016). Hospital quality improvement: Are peer review immunity, privilege, and confidentiality in the public interest? Northwestern Journal of Law and Social Policy, 11(1), 1-27.
Brothers, K. B., & Rothstein, M. A. (2015). Ethical, legal and social implications of incorporating personalized medicine into healthcare. Personalized Medicine, 12(1), 43-51. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/pme.14.65
Denecke, K., Bamidis, P., Bond, C., Gabarron, E., Househ, M., Lau, A. Y. S., ... Hansen, M. (2015). Ethical Issues of Social Media Usage in Healthcare. Yearbook of Medical Informatics, 10(1), 137–147. Available in the Trident Online Library.
Fiscella, K., Tobin, J. N., Carroll, J. K., He, H., & Ogedegbe, G. (2015). Ethical oversight in quality improvement and quality improvement research: New approaches to promote a learning health care system. BMC Medical Ethics, 16(63). doi: 10.1186/s12910-015-0056-2. Accessed from http://bmcmedethics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12910-015-0056-2
Flite , C. A., & Harman, L. B. (2013). Code of ethics: Principles for ethical leadership. Perspectives in Health Information Management / AHIMA, American Health Information Management Association, 10(Winter), 1d. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3544144/
Ghosh, K. (2015). Benevolent leadership in not-for-profit organizations. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 36(5), 592-611.
Gillon, R. (2015). Defending the four principles approach as a good basis for good medical practice and therefore for good medical ethics. Journal of medical ethics, 41(1), 111-116.
Healthcare Financial Management Association [HFMA]. (2016). HFMA's code of ethics. Accessed from https://www.hfma.org/about-hfma/bylaws-and-code-of-ethics.html
Kostkova, Patty P. (2016). Who owns the fata? Open fata for healthcare. Frontiers in Public Health, 4(4), 7. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00007
Kulshreshtha, P. (2015). Ethical leadership and contemporary organizational ethics: Principles and cases. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, 12(1), 94-97.
Mascone, C. F. (2015). Navigating ethical dilemmas. Chemical Engineering Progress, 111(2), 3.
McLean, S. A. M. & Campbell, T.D. (Ed.). (2006). Applied legal philosophy: First do no harm: Law, ethics and healthcare. Abingdon, GB: Routledge.
NAHQ. (2011). NAHQ code of ethics and standards of practice for healthcare professionals. Retrieved from http://nahq.org/about/code-of-ethics
Case Study on Health Care Ethics Issues:
Individuals vs. Institutions
Subject and Section
Date of Submission
Health care providers and medical practitioners are one of the professionals who delicately deal with life preservation. Their professional duty aims to cater to the needs of our physical bodies. (Schweitser., Stuy., Distelmans., et al., 2020; Dimech., Agius., Hughes., et al., 2020). I have taken the 6-item quiz from Open Learn and received an evaluation that says I sided more with the institution (NHS), although my decisions were fairly divided for the individual and the patient.
Consent is a vital requirement a health provider must acquire before doing any medical intervention to a patient. Three of the six cases from the quiz have issues with deciding for their body. Two patients have denied the medical advice of their attending physicians: 1) Hannah, a leukemia patient who had developed a heart complication due to chemotherapy, refused the suggested heart transplant that could bring back her leukemia, 2) Ms. B wished to refuse treatment when her lungs start failing. 79% agreed with me in my decision on Hannah's case while 92% agreed with Ms. B's. It is their body, and they have the last say what will happen to it. Although health care providers wish for the best of their patients' well-being, if there is a more sensible reason for their choices than the treatment, they should be allowed to make that choice, (Felt, U., Bister, M. D., Strassnig, M., & Wagner, U., 2009). This leads me to the third case, a pregnant patient with a conflicting health issue that would require her a cesarean section. I would have agreed with the patient because she has to have the last say on what will happen to her body and her child. However, I sided with the institution, along with 61% of people, as my final decision because their goal was to prevent a more dangerous scenario if the mother insisted on a normal delivery (Sibai, B. M., Gordon, T., Thom, E., Caritis, S. N., Klebanoff, M., Mcnellis, D., & Paul, R. H., 1995). These three all tackles the principle of autonomy which gives the patient the right to take control of their body when it comes to deciding what their body would allow going through (Ethical Issues in Healthcare, 2016). The other three cases share a common issue of unavailability of treatment or health care service: 1) A couple was denied funding for in-vitro fertilization because the wife (37) did not belong to the age bracket (30-34), 2) PrEP, a drug that reduces risks of HIV, is still not available in the UK because of an argument on who should shoulder the cost (NHS England vs. National AIDS Trust), 3) A brain tumor patient went abroad, against his doctor's advice, to get the treatment that was not available in the hospital at that time. I agreed with the
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