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Disaster and Emergency Management: Disaster Type. Introduction to Emergency & Disaster Management; Types of Disasters (Part I) (Essay Sample)

Instructions:
The Session Long Project (SLP) for this course is intended to provide you with an opportunity to study an issue or program in depth related to emergency and disaster management. Each student is required to complete an application project during the session. This project will utilize the skills developed over the duration of the course. PROJECT SUMMARY: For your session-long project, you will prepare a basic analysis/assessment for one type of an emergency or disaster that may become part of the Emergency Management Plan (EMP) for a community. The EMP MUST BE IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE NATIONAL RESPONSE FRAMEWORK (2008). (THE SLP IS PREPARED AND SUBMITTED FOR EACH MODULE. YOU DO NOT PREPARE A FINAL SLP.) Note. Many examples of an emergency management plan are online. They may be found using any of the major search engines. Basic Emergency Management Plan for Session Long Project (You will not be required to complete an entire EMP; however, the specific SLP tasks must be related to the EMP as designed in the sections of the EMP that follow below.) 1.Introduction (Module 1) A.Purpose ◾Establishes a process and structure for the systematic, coordinated, and effective delivery of local, regional, state and federal assistance to address the consequences of any major disaster or emergency B.Scope C.Type of Disaster/Emergency 2.Outreach/Information Dissemination (Module 2) 1.Public information will be an integral activity in disaster operations to ensure the coordinated and timely release of essential information to the public and news media about disaster-related activities. 3.Resource Coordination and Management (Module 2) 4.Planning Assumptions (Module 3) 1.A major disaster or emergency will cause numerous fatalities and injuries, property loss, and disruption of normal life-support systems, and will have an impact on the regional economic, physical, and social infrastructures. The extent of casualties and damage will reflect factors such as the time of occurrence, severity of impact, weather conditions, population density, building construction, and the possible triggering of secondary events such as fires and floods. The large number of casualties, heavy damage to buildings and basic infrastructure, and disruption of essential public services will overwhelm the capabilities of the State and its local governments to meet the needs of the situation. 5.Concept of Operations (Module 4) I.Use the principles of the Incident Command System (ICS), based on a model adopted by the fire and rescue community. ICS can be used in any size or type of disaster to control response personnel, facilities, and equipment. ICS principles include use of common terminology, modular organization, integrated communications, unified command structure, action planning, manageable span-of-control, pre-designated facilities, and comprehensive resource management. The basic functional modules of ICS (e.g., operations, logistics) can be expanded or contracted to meet requirements as an event progresses. II.Integration of Response, Recovery, and Mitigation Actions 6.Response and Recovery Actions (Module 5) A.Initial Actions B.Continuing Actions MODULE 1 ASSIGNMENT: Select a disaster or emergency for which you will develop a basic EMP for your session-long project. Complete the following tasks for Module 1: Identify the disaster or emergency that you have selected for your SLP topic. - Discuss the type of emergency or disaster that you selected. Be sure to discuss the characteristics of it. - Identify and discuss the community for the disaster/emergency that you will analyze/assess for the EMP. - Describe the threat that the disaster/emergency presents to your community. This should include historical information about the disaster/emergency in the community that you selected. Also some discussion on the impact to the population at risk and the present infrastructure for the responsible jurisdiction. Session Long Project Assignment Expectations Assignment Expectations: 1. Be sure to conduct additional research to gather sufficient information to familiarize yourself with the facts of the case and be sure to justify/support your position. 2. Limit your responses to a maximum of three pages. 3. Please support your discussions with scholarly support (3-5 references). Be sure to properly cite all references. 4. Apply critical thinking skills the the assignment component. 5. I will grade your paper on your ability to address the assignment criteria listed above with depth and breadth of discussion. I will also critique your writing format (i.e. proper reference citations, spacing, etc.). source..
Content:

Disaster and Emergency Management: Disaster Type
Author's Name
Institution
Disaster Identification and Characteristics
The disaster chosen for this paper is wildfire. A wildfire can be defined as an uncontrolled fire in a region with vegetation that supports combustion (Bryant, 2001). Depending on the type of vegetation, wildfires can be termed as a forest fire, bushfires, grassfire, peat fire among others. There are three major classes of wildfires. A surface wildfire is the most common variety and moves slowly along the floor of a forest. A ground wildfire is usually initiated by lightning and burns below the forest floor down to the mineral soil. A crown wildfire jumps along the top of trees and spreads rapidly (Bryant, 2001). This paper will address the various elements pertaining to wildfire. In addition, it will analyze the impact of wildfires in the community.
A wildfire often begins unnoticed. A wildfire often covers an extensive area and has the potential to change direction abruptly. Wildfires take place outdoors, therefore, differing from other fires. Causes of wildfires vary and the outcomes are unique to each fire. They can be characterized in terms of their fuel type, physical properties and the weather effect on the fire. The major non-human causes of wildfires include lightning, spontaneous combustion, sparks from rockfalls and volcanic eruption (Bryant, 2001). Nonetheless, many wildfires are attributable to human activities, including powerlines, cigarette butts and arson. More than four out of five wildfires are started by people. Many forest fires are as a result of negligent human behavior such as improperly extinguished campfires, and smoking in forested areas. Agricultural activities...
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