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Business & Marketing
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Mcgregor's Theory X and Theory Y (Essay Sample)


Read Chapters 1 & 2 in the Greenberg textbook.
1. Contrast McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y assumptions about people.
2. What types of managers have you dealt with in your organization?
3. What set of assumptions are you likely to follow and why?
4. Review the history of Organizational Behavior in terms of scientific management, the human relations movement, and classical organizational theory. Apply your personal work experience and discuss the similarities with these OB theories.
The response to your discussion questions must be supported by a peer-reviewed/scholarly journal article your textbook with citations from both. Please give the reference(s) at the bottom of your post. APA formatting is required for all citations and references. Your initial post should be at least 250 words.


Mcgregor's Theory X and Theory Y
In his 1960 book 'The Human Side of Enterprise', the American social psychologist, Douglas McGregor, proposed his famous X-Y theory. Theory X and Theory Y are management and motivation theories that describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation in organizational behavior, human resource management, organizational development and organizational communication. McGregor's work is based on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, organized into a higher-order needs (Theory Y) and a lower-order needs (Theory X). He suggested that either set of needs could be utilized by the management to motivate employees but that the use of Theory Y rather than Theory X gave better results (McGregor, et al. 1980).
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