4 pages/≈1100 words
Business & Marketing
public administration Ideas in Mayo's Hawthorne Study (Essay Sample)
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(January 19, 2012)
Ideas in Mayo’s Hawthorne Study
There are various ideas that Hawthorne Studies have developed to secure worker cooperation towards management to attain the objectives of many organizations. Mayo started this study by giving a description of an experiment which involved the changing illumination and how it impacted work production. The observations were many. Firstly, the production of work increased when illumination increased, decreased and then it remained constant. According to these experiments, there are various major management problems.
The first one is scientific and technical skill application to some material product or good. Two, the systematic operations in terms of ordering and the then work organization which is of sustained cooperation. Within this experiment, the key interest was establishing how the lighting level on the floor of the factory impacted productivity. After these experiments, all the groups despite the illumination level increased productivity (Stillman, 2009).
Ideas in Mayo’s Hawthorne Study
The Hawthorne Effect refers to the increase in output by laborers who hold the idea that they were under studies and supervision to some extent. Mayo together with his handsome research people studied a nearly female group of workers. The result was that output rose despite the fact that the levels of lighting had decreased. This occurred even in cases where adjustment of salaries downwards happened and in occasions where the complaints of the workers had been ignored. Through the elimination process, Mayo together with his researchers puts a lot of emphasis on payments to the workers.
Managers have utilized the Hawthorne Effect for a very long time. They have used to gain output hastily through execution of committees of self study. Additionally, the managers announced surprise audits, established different task forces and tied up workers with much work.
This had the appearance of progressive research. Inside the relay assembly room of Hawthorne study, a collection of employees removed from the common line of assembly and put in a secluded room. This took place to separate the workers under study from the rest of the workers. The aim of the researchers was to observe if the change in the environment at the place of work affected productivity (Stillman, 2009). The discovery was that most workers had the ability of producing more than an expected number of units. On the contrary, when they made attempts to do so, the other employees pressurized them to stop. The conclusion was that informal associations among employees were more significant than money paid to employees.
Mayo, thus, postulated that the reason employees get motivated strongly by informal things is that people possess a deep psychological requirement to have a be...
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