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Accounting, Finance, SPSS
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Discussion And Exercise On Ethical Implications (Essay Sample)


Below, please find the hyperlinks to the year ended December 31, 2016 Mercedes Benz financial (annual) reports prepared under two different bases of accounting:
IFRS - https://www(dot)daimler(dot)com/documents/investors/berichte/geschaeftsberichte/daimler/daimler-ir-annualfinancialreport-2016.pdf
German Statutory Accounting Rules - https://www(dot)daimler(dot)com/documents/investors/reports/annual-report/daimler/daimler-ir-annualfinancialstatementsentity-2016.pdf
Also, click here http://www(dot)gm(dot)com/investors/sec-filings.html to find the year ended December 31, 2016 General Motors Corporation financial (annual) report prepared under the US GAAP.
Your client has asked you for some advice about how to compare Mercedes Benz (MB) to General Motors (GM) for the purposes of a potential common stock investment. Your client has also accessed these financial (annual) reports and cannot make ‘heads or tails’ of what they mean and how the results of these two giants in the car industry really compare to each other. Your client has asked you to help by preparing a summary and a financial comparison of one to the other, including some financial ratios which you should choose (which can be liquidity-, solvency-, or profitability-related ratios) and which are important to your client.
For your initial posting for this discussion, summarize for your client in plain English with supporting analyses where required answers to the following questions. Please copy and paste in bold type each question into your initial response:
1. What are some of the key differences in the basis of preparation of the two 2016 financial (annual) reports for MB and GM? Refer to what you learned in the earlier modules of this course and what you learned in this module to answer this question.
2.Free cash flow is important to your client when deciding whether to invest in the common stock of any company. Compare the free cash flow using the Statement of Cash Flows for MB under both bases of accounting to GM. Briefly explain the results and how they may or may not be comparable to each other as well as why or why not.
3. Pick one other key ratio in each of the following areas: liquidity, solvency, and profitability. Compare the ratios for the last two or three years for MB under both bases of accounting to GM. Briefly explain the results and how they may or may not be comparable to each other as well as why or why not.
4. Summarize what you learned from this discussion and exercise about the potential problems that may arise between foreign firms reporting under local statutory financial reporting rules, IFRS, and a competitor in the United States reporting only under the US GAAP.
5. Did the SEC have in the public interest the decision to eliminate the reconciliation by foreign registrants of their IFRS-prepared financial statements to the US GAAP? Why or why not, in your opinion? See this article regarding the SEC’s decision in 2006.


Ethical Implications
Author Name
University Name
Mercedes-Benz (MB) is a globally recognized automobile company that is best known for its luxury buses, cars, and coaches. General Motors (GM), on the other hand, is an American corporation that designs, manufactures and markets top-notch vehicles and spare parts. From the two documents, it is evident that the annual report of Mercedes-Benz for the financial year 2016 has been prepared according to the International Financial Reporting Standards Board in conjugation with the German Commercial Code. On the other hand, General Motors’s financial reports are based on the IFRICs and IFRSs. I have learned that to ensure clarity of presentation, some items have been aggregated in the final financial statement by Mercedes-Benz and the general income statement by General Motors.
When it comes to comparing the free cash flow of MB with that of GM, we notice that their financial statements depend on accrual accounting that includes different peculiarities like amortization and depreciation. T

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