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Worldwide Motor Vehicle Industry (Case Study Sample)


Discuss the worldwide motor vehicle industry, inclusive of a background to the study, an external environmental analysis inclusive of a Five Forces and political, economic, social and technological analysis. A final element of the discussion should explain why motor vehicle manufacturers import rather than manufacture in Australia.
The purpose of Assessment Task 1 is to undertake a strategic analysis that involves three sections:
1) Background to the study including a brief history of the world automotive industry;
2) A Five Forces model explaining the worldwide new car motor vehicle industry;
3) Explain why car manufacturers prefer to import rather than manufacture in Australia.
All three sections of this assessment task must have references to the strategic management academic literature from peer-reviewed journals.
There must be at least three references to the Subject core text in the whole submission.
General rules:
1, Students must demonstrate an engagement with the Body of Knowledge. This is demonstrated through the application of must be at least one relevant reference per 150 words, or a minimum of eight (8) references in total.
2.No article may be referenced more than twice;
3. The submission must have an introduction, a main body, a conclusion, and a bibliography. Headings and subheadings may be used.
4. All three sections of this assessment task must have references to the strategic management academic literature from peer-reviewed journals.


Case Study - Worldwide Motor Vehicle Industry
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The automotive industry is responsible for the design, development, assembly, manufacture, and the sale of automobiles. Michael Porter 5 forces model focuses on a company's competitiveness and change in any of these forces influences change in strategy (Hanson et al., 2013). This is an external environmental analysis inclusive focusing on the Five Forces and imports of motor vehicles in Australia rather than manufacturing. Background on the automotive industry
The automotive industry has changed over the years, from the end of the nineteenth century, and caters to different consumer needs, economic conditions and new technologies in the automotive industry. The oil crisis of the 1970s and 1980s increased the demand for fuel efficient cars. The automotive industry began in Europe in the 19th century, but it is mass production in the US and demand for automobiles, which propelled the US automotive industry. The steam powered vehicles were few, but the creation of the gasoline engine in the 1860s in Europe changed the industry as gasoline powered vehicles became popular (Miller-Wilson, n.d.). Mass productions techniques were invented in the US in the early 20th century, with the Ford Company first using these techniques. After WWII, Western Europe and Japan became major car manufacturers and exporters.
The US automotive industry included many assemblers, but mass production allowed standardization and full-scale production to meet the customers’ needs, while the European industry also improved production. Ford General Motors, Ford Motor Company, and Chrysler Corporation became the biggest auto companies, but there were other independent firms such as Peugeot and Renault in France. During WWII the automotive industry supplied military materials in both the US and Western Europe.
Five Forces model
The threat of substitute products
The substitute products are the alternative products that the customers can buy and there are few alternatives to the automobiles (Hanson et al., 2013). The threat of substitute products is low and the automotive industry has high hosts (Wright, 2017, p. 240). There are no alternative products to vehicles in the global automotive industry, but the sector can choose many different automotive components.
The threat of new entrants
In the global automotive industry, there is low threat of new entrants, and competitors would require huge investments in good manufacturing hubs. New entrants seek to increase their market share in place of the existing firms and they increase competition (Stringham, Miller & Clark, 2015). Japanese and German automotive companies have established manufacturing facilities in the US, China’s auto industry is growing and there is government support for the industry
Competitive rivalry among existing players
The intensity of competition is high, where most US car manufacturers sell in the home market, but some of the international auto firms that sell in the US and have established manufacturing facilities. A low-cost position compared to the rivals enhances competitiveness
(Hanson et al., 2017).
Bargaining power of buyers
The bargaining power of buyers is moderately high in the global automotive industry. The exchange between buyers and sellers adds value and powerful buyers (customers) influence price reduction (Hanson et al., 2017). When buyers have greater purchasing power, a company's ability to capture the value created and profits decreases.
The bargaining power of suppliers
The bargaining power of suppliers in the worldwide a...

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