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Pages:
2 pages/≈550 words
Sources:
2 Sources
Level:
APA
Subject:
Biological & Biomedical Sciences
Type:
Case Study
Language:
English (U.S.)
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MS Word
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Topic:

Diagnosis Of An Infected Patient: Biomedicine (Case Study Sample)

Instructions:

Review the following clinical case study:
A 27-year old white female presented at the walking clinic of her local physician on August 15. On physical exam, the patient had a fever of 38.5C. She appeared fatigued, had tender joints, and complained of a headache, a stiff neck, and a backache. The physician noticed a circular "rash" about 5 inches in diameter, with a bright red leading edge and a dim center in the form of a "bull's eye". The physician noted an irregular heartbeat. The patient complained of lack of ability to concentrate.
The patient gave the following history: She is a graduate student in the wildlife program at the university in town. She was in the field for three weeks in Wisconsin during the months of May and June. She tracks small mammals in the field and studies their behavior. It had been a warm, wet spring and she complained of a large number of biting flies, mosquitoes a, d ticks in the area. She felt well until about 2 weeks after returning to her home. Since that time, many of her symptoms had progressed. She finally found that she could take it no more.
What is your best diagnosis of this case?
What features are critical to your diagnosis?
Which diagnostic procedures/tests would you run to confirm your diagnosis?
What further steps should be taken to clear up the problem in this patient?

source..
Content:

Diagnosis of an Infected Patient
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Institution
Diagnosis of an Infected Patient
Based on the symptoms shown, the best diagnosis is Lyme disease. This is a tick-borne infection, and since the patient was in an environment in which she was exposed to tick bites there is a high possibility that she was bitten and infected by these ticks. All the symptoms match those of the Lyme disease as outlined by Lisa et al (2016). According to the study, (Lisa et al., 2016), the identifying symptoms for Lyme disease include, a circular rash with a bull`s eye at the center (erythema migrans), headache, fever, stiff neck, irregular heartbeat, and inability to concentrate. Therefore, it makes sense to settle for the Lyme disease diagnosis given that the environment had a presence of ticks and that both the immediate and later symptoms matched those that are specific for the infection.
The critical features in this Lyme disease diagnosis include the characteristic bull`s eye rash (erythema migrans), changes in the heartbeat, tender joints, fever and most importantly spending a few weeks in the Wisconsin woods during the months of May and June. These features are critical since they show the signs and symptoms that are specific and unique to the Lyme disease as well as providing a history in which the patient was exposed to ticks.
In order to confirm the Lyme disease diagnosis, two major diagnostic procedures can be conducted. The procedures generally test the blood in relation to the amount of Borrelia antibodies present. The first one is the Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test, otherwise referred to as the ELISA test. The diagnost

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