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Literature & Language
Book Review
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Literature Review About Nationality and Environmentalism (Book Review Sample)


Research Practices
Subject position impacts how people see the world. A group or an individual's perceived place in a social network, and beliefs about the most ethical behaviours required for someone in that position, impact their own engagement with their environment. Focus on Ensor's discussion of the spinster as an ecologically viable subject position. Ensor argues this “queer” position is as good or better than heteronormative subject positions for encouraging responsible environmental practices because it does not rely on investment in the well-being of direct descendants. Instead, it emphasizes an “avuncular” interest in better practices in general (409-10). Ensor's privileging of a spinster identity contradicts other scholars' suggestions that those without children have no investment in the future (and perhaps should not have an investment in the future). Find other articles that explore the impact of a particular identity/subject position upon environmental practices. You might want consider identity positions related to race, gender, nationality, religion, class, or commercial positioning (i.e. consumers or vendors).
First Stage:
• Review the relevant parts of Ensor's article, adding to your gist notes to deepen your understanding of the arguments and abstractions.
• Look for two new articles or chapters that also address your topic. You might search for edited volumes or full-length studies about sustainability, ecocriticism, and identity in the library. Primarily, you will search for peer-reviewed scholarly articles in the library databases, using the library's research guides.
• Once you have a list of possible articles, scan the article abstracts and introductions to see if they are suitable. Narrow your list down to three or four articles, and read these in more detail to choose two.
• Read your two new articles, taking careful gist notes. Pay particular attention to how they address your topic and how they connect with or depart from Ensor
• Map out how your three articles fit together to form a scholarly conversation. Think about which academics agree with one another, which one builds upon another's point, and/or which ones disagree (in part or in full).
Second Stage:
• Create a title that includes abstractions to convey the focus of your orchestrated conversation.
• Write an opening paragraph that introduces your big issue and surveys the current state of knowledge on your topic. Here, focus on the highest levels of common ground amongst your sources and their major differences. (The body of your paper will explain these levels in more detail.) Remember to include key abstractions.
• Take a position throughout the scholarly conversation that you are hosting (e.g., through your reporting expressions, how you structure your paper, your examples, and/or explicit positioning statements).
• Introduce and define key terms using appositives or more detailed definitions (see AW chapter 6)
• Use reporting expressions (and reporting-reporting expressions) throughout to let your reader know who is speaking and signal when a new speaker enters the conversation. Include page numbers so that your reader can read the source of your quotations and paraphrases firsthand.
• Include a mix of high-, mid-, and low-level details to help your reader understand your sources' reasoning. Note: While you can use the scholars' low-level details, I encourage you instead to provide your own detailed example: this creates a more original paper. You could draw from an example from class or – even better – think of your own.
• Begin and/or end paragraphs with strong topic statements to remind your reader of the central issues and arguments in this conversation. These topic renewals help your reader understand the relevance of each voice to the conversation, which helps your reader see connections between paragraphs.
• Conclude by explaining the significance of the research you have summarized and compared. Provoke your reader to reflect further (i.e., highlight any gaps in this research that need to be addressed, stress the larger significance of these studies, raise new research questions).


Literature Review
Nationality and Environmentalism
Currently all nations have laws that govern how they protect the environment. Some of these laws are derivatives of international treaties and agreements which countries agree to work together to address environmental issues. However, these policies instituted on a global scale have been unable to accurately address the issue of environment and the planet is about to reach an irreversible environmental position that threatens any form of life and ecosystem on the planet. Thus, there is more to this issue and need to adopt a wider approach in combating it. The approach adopted by state leaders on the issue is politicized and some downplay the impact of some human activities on the environment. Most argue from economic perspective why we need these treaties and draw policies and plans on how to address the issue. However, one thing is undeniable, climatic change is on an uptrend despite the measures taken against it on a global scale and there is dire need of better strategies to address the issue.
Socio-cultural effects also play a critical role in this issue. CITATION Ada09 \p 5 \l 1033 (Adamson & Slovic, 2009, p. 5) argues that ‘social and environmental issues could not be separated.' Cultural differences approach the subject on diverse perspective which must be consolidated and considered in making a united front against environmental sustainability. Humans have subdivided the world into cultural factions that hold similar believes on the environment and differentiated approach on the importance and ways to conserve the environment for each group is different. Therefore, new perspective to the issue needs to be reconsidered. An approach that overlooks the differences and develops unique solution for environmental needs of each group and geographical area. The other factions who have slightly different approach to the issue must oversee the implementation of policies meant for the other groups. This approach need not be politicized and not allowed to be partisan at w

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