Chapter 8: The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass Chapter Analysis (Book Review Sample)
In a very short time after I went to live at Baltimore, my old master's youngest son Richard died; and in about three years and six months after his death, my old master, Captain Anthony, died, leaving only his son, Andrew, and daughter, Lucretia, to share his estate. He died while on a visit to see his daughter at Hillsborough. Cut off thus unexpectedly, he left no will as to the disposal of his property. It was therefore necessary to have a valuation of the property, that it might be equally divided between Mrs. Lucretia and Master Andrew. I was immediately sent for, to be valued with the other property. Here again my feelings rose up in detestation of slavery. I had now a new conception of my degraded condition. Prior to this, I had become, if not insensible to my lot, at least partly so. I left Baltimore with a young heart overborne with sadness, and a soul full of apprehension. I took passage with Captain Rowe, in the schooner Wild Cat, and, after a sail of about twenty-four hours, I found myself near the place of my birth. I had now been absent from it almost, if not quite, five years. I, however, remembered the place very well. I was only about five years old when I left it, to go and live with my old master on Colonel Lloyd's plantation; so that I was now between ten and eleven years old.
We were all ranked together at the valuation. Men and women, old and young, married and single, were ranked with horses, sheep, and swine. There were horses and men, cattle and women, pigs and children, all holding the same rank in the scale of being, and were all subjected to the same narrow examination. Silvery-headed age and sprightly youth, maids and matrons, had to undergo the same indelicate inspection. At this moment, I saw more clearly than ever the brutalizing effects of slavery upon both slave and slaveholder.
After the valuation, then came the division. I have no language to express the high excitement and deep anxiety which were felt among us poor slaves during this time. Our fate for life was now to be decided. we had no more voice in that decision than the brutes among whom we were ranked. A single word from the white men was enough—against all our wishes, prayers, and entreaties—to sunder forever the dearest friends, dearest kindred, and strongest ties known to human beings. In addition to the pain of separation, there was the horrid dread of falling into the hands of Master Andrew. He was known to us all as being a most cruel wretch,—a common drunkard, who had, by his reckless mismanagement and profligate dissipation, already wasted a large portion of his father's property. We all felt that we might as well be sold at once to the Georgia traders, as to pass into his hands; for we knew that that would be our inevitable condition,—a condition held by us all in the utmost horror and dread.
The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass Chapter Analysis
■ Summary of major events
■ At least five significant quotes that are presented in bold print
■ Identify the impact of each quote as one of the following, and be ready explain your analysis:
à Establishment of credibility through detailed fact: Ethos
à Establishment of credibility by avoiding exaggeration: Ethos
à The humanization of slaves through emotions/rhetorical devices: Pathos
à The revelation of cruelty towards slaves through imagery: Pathos
à The elevation of slave minds through logical argument: Logos
à The elevation of slave minds through moral argument: Logos
■ Examination of how the chapter adds to the overall theme of the book
■ At least 3 relevant additive widgets from the time period with captions/explanations
The chapter captures the life of slaves, in light of the fact that they were considered as property. When the master dies, the narrator, a slave is shipped back for valuation among the rest of the property left behind by the master; now to be divided among the son and daughter left behind. The slaves are put together with the rest of the property such as the sheep and cows for valuation and will be given away to either Andrew or Lucretia the daughter (‘Life of Frederick Douglass', n.d.).
Building on pathos, logos and ethos, there are quite some significant quotes that stand out.
‘It was therefore necessary to have a valuation of the property, that it might be equally divided between Mrs. Lucretia and Master Andrew. I was immediately sent for, to be valued with the other property.' (‘Life of Frederick Douglass', n.d.
In the quote above, the author appeals to the readers through creating credibility with facts. Slaves were property and they were valued as the rest of the property that masters owned (‘Life of Frederick Dougla
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