Gender and International Relation (Article Critique Sample)
6- 7 pages double-spaced critique paper on four readings (downloaded in the file) critical paper.
The paper should briefly summarize the readings and then discuss areas of strength, weakness, or opportunity for growth in the literature.
30% of the paper should be the summary and 70% the critique.
The paper should not just restating things without any justification. You need to attack what the theories say. You should give supporting reasons, justification either empirical or theoretical.
Take the theories show weaknesses, find a creative link between multiple different concept/theme and a smart way of categorizing arguments.
Gender and International Relation
Entailed in this paper is an examination of four readings: J. Ann Tickner’s “On the Frontline or Sidelines of Knowledge and Power? Feminists Practices of Responsible Scholarship,” Spike Peterson’s “Feminist Theories Within, Invisible To, and Beyond IR,” Jennifer K. Lobasz’s “Beyond Border Security: Feminist Approaches to Human Trafficking,” and Lauren Wilcox’s “Gendering the Cult of the Offensive.” J. Ann Tickner’s article raises a question whether international relation scholars should directly engage in the policy making process or remain at a critical distance from it. Spike Peterson’s article talks about feminist theories and discusses how gender is deployed. Lauren Wilcox’s essay argues that gender may be the missing link in explaining the misconception of the offense-defense balance and suggests three possible areas of investigation. And Jennifer K. Lobasz’s article argues that feminist approaches to human trafficking are essential for understanding and combating the phenomenon.
This paper seeks to summarize the readings and provide a detailed analysis of the theories discussed in each reading.
J. Ann Tickner, in her essay titled “On the Frontline or Sidelines of Knowledge and Power? Feminists Practices of Responsible Scholarship,” raises a question whether international relations scholars should directly engage in the policy making process or be banned from it. Using the metaphor of sidelines and frontlines, her article presents several feminist reformulations that are said to contribute toward a more inclusionary practice and theory. Six main points of feminist view are highlighted in the article: the direct relation between the increasing gap between the rich and the poor and gender inequality, the silencing of discord on critical policy issues and the so-called erosion of academic freedom, the re-emergence of warrior masculinity through the issue of War on Terror, the genuine objective of feminism, feminist beliefs that generally, religions are bad for women, and the notions held by the Cartesian and feminists’ effort to ‘deconstruct’ it.
Tickner begins by discussing Morgenthau’s notion on suitable relationship of international students to the policy, which is ‘to look over the shoulder’ (Tickner 2006, 385). Feminists, just like critical theorists, claim that a theory should be neutral. They do not accept that a power relationship can be granted and always brings them into question. Thus, feminists push and redefine the boundaries of knowledge in new ways by emphasizing that the significance of listening to new voices (Tickner 2006, 368). Second, feminism is purposed to mobilize the political commitment which is required to bring an end to women’s subordination. According to Boxer, this is the underlying goal to which all scholarship engagements should be aimed at (1998). However, we can observe that in recent developments, feminists have widened their field work and cover a broad spectrum of problems that involve marginalized groups.
Third, the author scrutinizes Cartesian divisions between ‘the West and the rest, subjects and objects, whites and non-whites, and men and women’ (Tickner 2006, 390) According to her, acts of power can be observed through the process of analyzing, cataloguing, and displaying words. Feminists are post-culturalists who are driven by empirical efforts and linguistics and aim to look beyond these divisions. Fourth, the author criticizes the civilizational divisions that are present in the fight aga...
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