3 pages/≈825 words
Psychology (Article Critique Sample)
Article Assignment Please carefully read the directions below in order to correctly complete these extra credit assignments. Inadequate article summaries and critiques will not be accepted for credit. (Note: If you hand in inadequate work early, I will be able to provide you with feedback to improve the assignment for credit; if you hand in on the last day, you will not have time to receive feedback and improve for credit). What to include: -Each article summary and critique should be 1-2 pages (12 pt. Times New Roman font, double spaced, 1” margins). -At the end of the article summary and critique, please provide the reference information in APA style. -You will also need to hand in a copy of the article that you have reviewed. Step 1) Select an empirical journal article in the field of psychology. The journal articles must be from either the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology or the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Articles should be at least 10 pages. Step 2) Read the article. Identify key points: the research topic, hypotheses, what was done, the results, and how the experimenter interpreted the results. Circling these points will help you find them when you write. Do your best to understand the article. Write notes in the margin and use a highlighter to mark important sections. Talk about the article with others and see if you can explain it to somebody who has not read the paper. Spend about half your work time for this assignment here. Step 3) Write your summary and critique. For each article, you must properly cite the article in APA format. Two guides to citations and references using APA 6th edition style can be found on Blackboard under “Course Content” in the folder titled “APA Style.” This assignment will include a summary and a critique (detailed below). Summary: The summary should include the purpose of the research, hypotheses, independent and dependent variables under study, methods, and results. The summary should be a condensed version of the article rather than an article abstract. Abstracts are more concise and reflect the authors' decisions about information that should be mentioned. Avoid "lifting" sentences or paraphrasing from the article or the abstract. Use your own words. In this section, you should include: -Background: Why was the research conducted? Why is the research question interesting/important? -Purpose of the study: What was the hypothesis? -Methods: Who participated? How many subjects/participants? What were the dependent and independent variables? What measures and/or materials were used? What was the procedure? -Results: Describe the key findings (note that I am not interested in the statistical findings and numbers, but rather what the results show in words). Did the results support the hypothesis? -Discussion: What implications do these results have? Were there any limitations or future directions? Critique: This is where you give your reaction to and opinion of the article. For example, you may object to the sample or procedure the researcher used and/or you might have found that the article helped you to better understand a specific issue or problem. In this section you might also include: -Provide an explanation of what interested you in the article. -Describe what you liked or disliked about the article. -Describe anything you did not understand. -Discuss your thoughts about the results and conclusions. -Explain what you would do differently if it were your research project. -Discuss any cautions you would use about the results of the experiment ========================= I sent in my order saying i needed one article with 2 written pages and then realized that I need 3 articles each one written page for them. Is there any way I can go about changing this order and adding one more page source..
STUDY ONE: Self-Esteem Development From Age 14 to 30 Years: A Longitudinal Study
The research was empirically trying to get to the evaluate how self esteem develops through the various age groups, starting at the adolescent age of 14 year olds to the young adults at the age of 30. It hypothesized that as people grow older from the adolescent age, the self-esteem grows along the physical growth curves. However, there is exponential development of self-esteem during the adolescence age, which slows down in the young adults’ stage of the physical growth cycle (Erol & Orth, 2011). To carry out the study, the independent variables used included age and gender, while the dependent variables included, the income, health, ethnicity, sense of mastery and he ability to take risks. The data was analyzed using the Mplus 6.1 program and it indicated that the Hispanic adolescents had lower self-esteem than that of the blacks and whites. However as they grew into young adulthood, the Hispanics developed their esteem much faster than the whites did, such that by the time they hit 30, they were level with the blacks.
The topic of study, elicits a lot of interest from the fact that at the age of adolescence, people build on the character foundation that will be later in their lives. Particularly, the level of self esteem and the rate of developing the same play a great role in the physical, mental and the economic well being in their adult life. It is therefore important to study the factors that are most likely to alter the outcome of the persons in future.
Studies that came before this one, suggest that the levels of any persons self esteem, vary with age. According to the studies, at the age of adolescence the self-esteem level develop much faster then slows down towards the young adulthood stage.
The data used in the study was acquired from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, from a sample of 7100 respondents between the age of 14 and 30. The data was then analyzed in relation to the dependent and independent variables using the Mplus 6.1 program. The independent variables included in the study were age and gender, while the dependent variables included, the income, health, ethnicity, sense of mastery and he ability to take risks.
There was not much difference between the males and the females on the aspect of the esteem trajectory, however ethnically, the whites’ self esteem as they approached young adult hood (Erol & Orth, 2011). While that of the Hispanics showed lagged development in adolescence it grew much faster heading into young adulthood to be level with that of the blacks who showed normal development in the study.
This study indicates that as time goes by there is a significant; the whites will have less and less self esteem, as it indicates the whites are less confident than other ethnic groups (E...
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