8 pages/≈2200 words
Literature & Language
Literature review on nationalism causing global insecurity (Article Critique Sample)
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LITERATURE REVIEW ON NATIONALISM CAUSING GLOBAL INSECURITY Name: Grade Course: Tutor’s Name: (10 February 2011) Literature review on nationalism causing global insecurity Introduction The literature review chapter is an in depth examination of the concept of global insecurity in relation to nationalism. Historically, man has lived and evolved coming to form regional boundaries forming sovereign nation. With this came the issue of nationalism which has been deemed of strong identification of a group of individuals with a political entity defined in national terms. Often, it is the belief that an ethnic group has a right to statehood or that citizenship in a state should be limited to one ethnic group, or that multi-nationality in a single state should necessarily comprise the right to express and exercise national identity even by minorities (Grenfell & Warren, 2008). It also includes the belief that the state is of primary importance, one state is naturally superior to all other states. It is also used to describe a movement to establish or protect a homeland for an ethnic group. In some cases the identification of a national culture is combined with a negative view of other races or cultures. With this, security problem usually occurs and in the recent past has proved to be a global concern. With globalization which has seen to it that the world has turned into a global villages characterized with free movement of goods, services, labor and capital the perceived reality brought about by the concept has made countries in dilemma. There are instances where some countries have resorted to nationalism as defensive mechanisms to counter effects of globalization. This has created misunderstanding that threatens the global security being enjoyed. The article titled “Global Insecurities and Nationalism in Advanced Industrialized Societies: Evidence from Japan and the United States” by Tsatsanis, E published in 2009 guide the development of the paper. Author’s main points and definition of global insecurity According to Tsatsanis, 2009, there is no clear definition of global insecurity. However, in trying to define it, there are a number of attributes that are factored in and these include; environmental, political, economic and social uncertainty that the world might face in the near future as a result of nationalism. All the four mentioned factors when negatively influenced, then mankind will encounter a myriad of problems making his life miserable and unbearable least something is done to reverse the situation. It is held that globalization has seen to it that the world has entered a new phase characterized by proliferation and acceleration of economic, political social, cultural as well as human find their way across national borders. This has brought mixed reaction where in one side there are those who believe the whole thing undermine sovereignty of nations leading to numerous ideological effects that are far reaching. On the other hand, globalization is seen as resulting to giving a boost to of nationalist politics as a counter-measure to the destabilizing effects as a result of rapid change. It is thus no doubt that globalization has made societies especially from large economies to enjoy the benefits and at the same time absorb its effects. Here, it is agreed that nationalism has made various scholars to define it in numerous ways usually on the ground of the topic under discussion. However, the term refers to ideology that came to light in 18th century in Europe including philosophies of irredentist, extreme right-wings, regionalist political parties, romanticism, government policies with regard to education, trade, international relation among others. Other concepts associated with nationalism include jingoism, racism, militarism, ethnocentrism, authoritarianism to mention but a few are cre...
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