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Essay Available:
Pages:
3 pages/≈825 words
Sources:
1 Source
Level:
APA
Subject:
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Type:
Article Critique
Language:
English (U.S.)
Document:
MS Word
Date:
Total cost:
$ 12.96
Topic:

Individual Journal Article Critique and Scenario (Article Critique Sample)

Instructions:

HCMG 4901 – Applied Research
Instructions for Individual Journal Article Critique and Scenario
A. Report, Not PowerPoint
Cover Page:
HCMG 4901 Fall 2015
Individual Journal Article Critique and Scenario
Your Name
Date
Provide the APA CITATION for the article. Here are the elements of the citation.
But don’t present in a list. Use APA format:
1. Author(s)
2. Year published
3. Title of the article
4. Journal name
5. Volume
6. Issue
7. Page numbers for the article
8. Url if applicable and the date when accessed the article
PERSPECTIVE/ORIENTATION/BIAS:
1. What institutions do the authors represent? What do they bring to this research and what might they have wanted from the research?
2. Who are the funding organization(s)? Why did they fund this research and what might they want from it?
3. Intended CONTRIBUTION to the Field and STUDY OBJECTIVES:
Based on the Abstract and Background sections, what was the contribution to the field that this research was intended to make?
What are the stated research objectives of this study?
RESEARCH/STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:
1. What were the research questions, hypotheses, variables, and data to collect and use?
2. What study groups (intervention vs. control/comparison) were included in the study?
3. What eligibility criteria and exclusion criteria were used for participants’ inclusion in the study?
4. What sampling method(s) were used? Was randomization used? If so, how was it done? Either way, how were participants selected?
5. What was the sample size for each study group?
6. Did enough study participants complete the study to satisfy the sample size requirements?
7. Where the characteristics of the persons who completed the study comparable to the characteristics of the persons who dropped out?
8. If not, what bias might this have introduced?
9. How were data collected? Briefly describe each type of data collected and the methods used to obtain the data.
10. What was done to assure quality control of the data? For instance, data editing (range and logic edits; etc.); internal data validation; external validation of the data.
11. Was a statistician part of this research team?
12. What types of analyses and statistical tests were done?
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS
1. What was learned?
a. Major findings and conclusions supported by data
b. How conclusive were the findings according to the authors?
c. How conclusive do you think the findings were?
2. What are the three most important, practical things that this research contributed to the field?
3. What were the LIMITATIONS of this research stated by the authors? In your opinion?
4. What more needs to be learned (FUTURE RESEARCH):
a. According to the authors?
b. In your judgment?
B. Scenario
Application of What You Learned from this Journal Article to Your SCENARIO:
You will use what you learned from this journal article to support making a decision you are faced with in a fictionalized organization and scenario.
In light of the substance of the article reviewed, respond to each of the following questions:
1. Decide WHO YOU ARE. [5 points]
a. What organization do you work for?
b. What is your job title?
c. What is your span of your responsibility in this position for that organization? 
2. Specify the DECISION you are trying to make. [5 points]
a. Related to the journal article, state what the decision is that you are trying to make.
b. State why this decision is important to your organization’s clients, partners, and the organization itself as a for-profit or non-profit organization.
2. Use the information provided in the article to help you make your decision:
a. Explain THE OPTIONS (that is, alternative solutions) that are available to you in making this decision.
b. Based on the research article you read, explain the PROS and CONS of each option in a TABLE (see “Decision Options Table of Pros and Cons for Each Option” below).
c. Were you able to arrive at a choice between the decision options?
i. If “yes”
1. Which decision option did you select?
2. Why did you choose this option, and what evidence led you to make this decision?
ii. If “no”
1. What additional information do you need (information gaps) before you’re comfortable making a choice/decision?
2. How do you plan to fill these information gaps?
3. Can your organization afford to wait until you fill all of these
gaps?
4. What are the costs to your organization if the decision is delayed?
5. What are the benefits to your organization to make a decision now?
6. How risky would it be to make a decision now, and why?
Decision Options Table of Pros and Cons for Each Option
PROS CONS
Option 1
Option 2
Option 3

source..
Content:

HCMG 4901 Fall 2015
Individual Journal Article Critique and Scenario
Name
Date
PERSPECTIVE/ORIENTATION/BIAS:
What institutions do the authors represent? What do they bring to this research and what might they have wanted from the research?
The authors of this research article represent the Department of Health Sciences at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. They brought new ideas for comparison to find the cause of low birth weight, disorders related to low birth weight. The research was meant to find out how other additional factors increased the risk of neo-natal deaths through low and very low birth weight.
Who are the funding organization(s)? Why did they fund this research and what might they want from it?
The researchers were funded by the US Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration and partly by the Health Disparities Research Scholars Program (Witt et al., 2014). These institutions funded this research since it was meant to address a problem that the public health sector had been facing for years without a solution. If this research based on newly formulated variables and hypotheses was going to offer a solution, the funding institutions supported it.
Intended CONTRIBUTION to the Field and STUDY OBJECTIVES:
Based on the Abstract and Background sections, what was the contribution to the field that this research was intended to make?
This research carried out a study that had never been carried out in the US before. The study of exposure to stressors before and during pregnancy and their impact on the birth weight was intended to provide a solution to low birth weight problems in the US.
What are the stated research objectives of this study?
The objectives were to determine if and to what extent a woman’s exposure to stressful life events prior to conception (PSLEs) were associated with subsequent infant birth weight by using a nationally representative sample of US women.
RESEARCH/STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:
What were the research questions, hypotheses, variables, and data to collect and use?
The main research question of this study was how stressful life events prior to conception (PCLEs) had an association with an increased risk of low birth weight in children. The hypothesis was that any stressful event that happened to the parent before conception, depending on its magnitude of emotional or physical effect, had a direct involvement in the birth weight of the child and the mother as well. Data was obtained from children’s birth weight and data about their biological parents.
What study groups (intervention vs. control/comparison) were included in the study?
The study groups involved were generally children born in different conditions. The birth weight was first derived from the birth certificates of the sample population and parental interviews were conducted to determine the magnitude of stressful life events before conception. This data was then compared to the birth weight to form an analysis that compared the two.
What eligibility criteria and exclusion criteria were used for participants’ inclusion in the study?
For participants to be eligible for the study, they had to be biological mothers of the infants (Witt et al., 2014). Cases that didn’t have birth certificate data were excluded.
What sampling method(s) were used? Was randomization used? If so, how was it done? Either way, how were participants selected?
Randomization was used in order to avoid oversampling where twins were involved. One twin was randomly selected from each pair in the sample. Participants were selected nationally through a clustered, list frame design.
What was the sample size for each study group?
The result after exclusion was a sample of 9350 mother ch...
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