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Essay Available:
Pages:
5 pages/≈1375 words
Sources:
20 Sources
Level:
APA
Subject:
Education
Type:
Article Critique
Language:
English (U.K.)
Document:
MS Word
Date:
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Topic:

Describe Critical Appraisal Of Research Literature (Article Critique Sample)

Instructions:

This is a quantitative paper which I have failed first time with a score of 40%. Here are the comments from the previous marking
Although this essay provides some valid appraisal points, much of it, particularly the results section, falls short of being an actual critique and instead is really not much more than a summary of findings. Also, if you use quotations from references, try to comment on the implications for the actual paper, rather than leave the quotation "hanging" with no clear linkage to the study paper.
Some of the key issues went unremarked; for example: the researchers' inconsistencies in their definitions of primary and secondary outcomes; no allowance for the effect of multiple comparisons on inferences; lack of CIs and other omissions in the presentation of results.
Presentation was a little untidy with a few typos noted and examples of sentences which were very obscure in meaning.
Plus points included a good introduction and a generally well-structured layout, but in general the essay is considered to meet only the bare minimum requirements for a pass at Master's level.
Section mark 40%.
The paper to critique is ,Helen Truby, Sue Baic, Anne deLooy, et al - Randomised Controlled Trial Of Four Commercial Weight Loss Programmes In The Uk: Initial Findings From The Bbc "Diet Trials" in BMJ: British Medical Journal (2006).Please use the CONSORT TOOL
READING LIST
Bland, Martin (2000) - An introduction to medical statistics (3rd ed)
Hicks, Carolyn (2009) - Research methods for clinical therapists : applied project design and analysis (5th ed)
Oliver, Paul (2003) - The student's guide to research ethics
Munro, Barbara Hazard (2005) - Statistical methods for health care research (5th ed)
Helen Truby, Sue Baic, Anne deLooy, et al - Randomised Controlled Trial Of Four Commercial Weight Loss Programmes In The Uk: Initial Findings From The Bbc "Diet Trials" in BMJ: British Medical Journal (2006)
Sibbald, B. and Roland, M. - Understanding controlled trials. Why are randomised controlled trials important? in BMJ (Clinical research ed.) (1998)
Using randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to test service interventions: issues of standardisation, selection and generalisability in Nurse Researcher (2004)
Altman, Douglas G., Egger, Matthias and Smith, George Davey (eds.) (2001) - Systematic reviews in health care meta-analysis in context (2nd ed)
And many more current journals.

source..
Content:

Critical Appraisal of Research Literature
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Critical Appraisal of Research Literature
In Europe, the highest obesity rates are in the United Kingdom. Statistics suggest that currently over 20% of the UK population is now obese and this costs the government around €3 billion annually (Jackson, Beeken & Wardle, 2015). In England the high prevalence of obesity among males is alarming, statics argue that 40% of the males in the country are overweight while 20% of that figure are obese. Ladies, on the other hand, register a high number in the number of overweight people but register a low number in obesity (Ulijaszek & McLennan, 2016). Obesity has severe health repercussions (Law, Power, Graham & Merrick, 2007), and it can be tackled in several ways. This paper will deliberate on the article (Randomized Controlled Trial Of Four Commercial Weight Loss Programmes In The UK: Initial Findings From The BBC "Diet Trials" in BMJ: British Medical Journal) which looks into ways that can be used to reduce obesity in the country and their effectiveness. As a matter of fact, this paper is a critical appraisal of the article. The paper will use the CONSORT 2010 CHECKLIST guideline when assessing the article. Moreover it will use additional sources to compare facts just like stated in the CONSORT 2010 CHECKLIST. The CONSORT 2010 CHECKLIST requires authors to provide methods used to get the facts (Schulz, Altman, & Moher, 2010).
Just like the title suggests, the research article compared four common forms of losing weight to see which one was the best fit. The four are the most common forms of losing weight in the United Kingdom. They include the slim fast plan, Weight Watchers pure points program, Dr Atkins new diet revolution and the eat yourself slim diet and fitness plan by Rosemary Conley ("Randomised controlled trial of four commercial weight loss programmes in the UK: initial findings from the BBC "diet trials"", 2006). The paper will analyse each plan, look at its effectiveness and offer a critique of why it does not work or why it takes long to work. Participants for the sake of this research were reached through an advertisement on BBC, and they came from the following institutions; Queen Margaret University College, Nottingham University, Bristol University and Surrey University. Additionally, the participants had to be between 18 and 65 years old with an exclusion on those suffering from chronic illnesses. In the Paper the ANOVA style of comparing samples has been utilized. The ANOVA style is used to compare the means of many samples that is more than two samples.
Slim-fast plan
Slim-fast is a brand that specialises in the sale of shakes, snacks, packaged meals and other dietary products sold in several countries around the world including the UK, US and Ireland. Products of this brand are mostly associated with dietary and weight loss hence the slim-fast plan can be described as a meal replacement approach. It is whereby people who are interested in losing weight change their usual daily dietary routine and stick to products from that particular company (Cowen, 2003). When tested in the research the plan proved to work in weight reduction. During the research, the participants received a reimbursement of two meals in a day. This is an effective plan for people who are obese and want to lose weight, but it also has its disadvantages. The ingredients used to manufacture the foods might have an allergic reaction with the body of the patient. According to a recently concluded research, allergic reactions are on the rise. Moreover, the ER in UK hospitals receive two times the number of allergic reaction cases than they used to a decade ago (El-Sayed, Scarborough & Galea, 2011). The number of deaths because of allergic reactions has also incr...
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