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Pages:
4 pages/≈1100 words
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3 Sources
Level:
APA
Subject:
Biological & Biomedical Sciences
Type:
Article Critique
Language:
English (U.S.)
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Topic:

Paper Critique on Sensitivity of Photosynthesis in a C4 Plant, Maize, To Heat Stress (Article Critique Sample)

Instructions:

Critique includes title, summary, critique, and conclusions on paper Sensitivity of Photosynthesis in a C4 Plant, Maize, to Heat Stress. http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/129/4/1773
Mainly focus on plant physiology.

source..
Content:


Paper Critique on Sensitivity of Photosynthesis in a C4 Plant, Maize, To Heat Stress
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Paper Critique on Sensitivity of Photosynthesis in a C4 Plant, Maize, To Heat Stress
Summary
Abstract
The objective of the study titled “sensitivity of photosynthesis in a C4 plant, maize to heat stress” is focusing on investigating the sensitivity of the elements of photosynthesis parameters of maize, a C4 plant to high and stressful levels of temperature. The authors reveal that the inhibition of net photosynthesis of a leaf is at temperatures beyond 38°C (Yamori, Hikosaka, & Way, 2014). Furthermore, the inhibition is much harsher when there is a rapid rise in temperature unlike during the time of a gradual rise in temperature. The increase in the rate of transpiration is progressive with the temperature of the leaf (Yamori, Hikosaka, & Way, 2014). This is an indicator that there is no relationship between inhibition of photosynthesis and the closure of stomata pores. There is a rise of the non-photochemical fluorescence quenching when the temperature of the leaf was more than 30°C. This indicates that there is an increase in the thylakoid energies even at a temperature that there is no inhibition of the net photosynthesis (Crafts-Brandner, & Salvucci, 2002).
In comparison with the absorption of carbon dioxide, the important quantum product of the second photosystem has some comparative insensitivity to leaf temperatures up to 45°C. The activation status of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase reduces a little bit at leaf temperatures beyond 40°C. The activeness of pyruvate phosphate dikinase stays unresponsive to temperatures up until 45°C. The activity status of Rubisco declines at temperatures more than 32.5°C having almost a total lack of activity at a temperature of 45°C. According to Crafts-Brandner, and Salvucci (2002), the inactivation of Rubisco remains the basic limitation on the rate of net photosynthesis of the maize leaf as the temperatures inclined to levels higher than 30°C.
Introduction
Photosynthesis is in most cases a major determining factor of the productivity of a plant and in this case the maize. Temperature has an impact on the initial growth as well as the yield of a crop. Low temperatures may affect the photosynthesis rate of a maize plant. The photosynthetic output of a plant relies on the level of temperature. There have been frequent examinations of the sensitivity of plants to photosynthesis. However, researches concerning the impacts of high temperature on C4 photosynthetic breakdown are rare. The hypothesis of the study is such that high temperature might make Rubisco inactivated and result in a limitation of the net photosynthesis in the same way just like in C3 plants. Nevertheless, according to literature reviews, it appeared realistic that heat stress may also affect some particular processes, for instance, the fixation of carbon dioxide by an enzyme known as the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase. In addition, it might influence the Calvin cycle and the shuttling of the maize plant acids from the mesophyll to the package sheath cells. The aim of the research focuses on investigating the effect of heat stress on the processes related to photosynthesis. This objective is realistic and the results will be a reflection of the effect of heat stress on plants. The processes likely to remain affected by heat stress include Rubisco activation, pyruvate phosphate dikinase, PSII stability and activities of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in the leaves of a maize plant. The study provides a report of the process that is most sensitive to heat in a maize species (Crafts-Brandner, & Salvucci, 2002). The article has evidently used a review of literature that i...

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Other Topics:

  • Paper Critique on Sensitivity of Photosynthesis in a C4 Plant, Maize, To Heat Stress
    Description: The objective of the study titled “sensitivity of photosynthesis in a C4 plant, maize to heat stress” is focusing on investigating the sensitivity of the elements of photosynthesis parameters of maize, a C4 plant to high and stressful levels of temperature...
    4 pages/≈1100 words | 3 Sources | APA | Biological & Biomedical Sciences | Article Critique |
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