Annotated Bibliography Assignment: Author's Major Argument (Annotated Bibliography Sample)
There are 4 articles that need an Annotated Bibliography. The format will include each reference in APA style followed by a 400-500 word summary of the article, including the student’s specific concerns/accolades about methodology or conclusions.
Each source must be correctly cited using APA Style, and should answer the following questions in 500 words or less for each source:
1. What is the author’s major argument? What is the hypothesis or hypotheses of the study?
2. What methods, or lens, is the author using to make his/her argument?
3. What type of evidence does this author use to make his/her argument and its effectiveness?
4. How effective was the method at testing the hypotheses? Would you do anything differently? Why or why not (what did you like or not like)?
5. I need 2 questions at the end of each article based on: What questions remain about this topic? Do you think the author drew valid conclusions from the results?
Greitemeyer, T., & MÃ¼gge, D. O. (2015). When Bystanders Increase Rather Than Decrease Intentions to Help. Hogrefe Publishing. Research Report; University of Innsbruck, Austria. Journal of Social Psychology 2015; Vol. 46(2):116â€“119.
This is a research report about the Bystander Effect, which examines how the presence of others inhibits helping behavior. The authorsâ€™ main argument is that the reluctance to offer assistance increases when approaching an individual rather than a group. They posited that the possibility of others contributing to the bystander effect occurs mainly when only an individual is required for a given voluntary task as compared to a group. The authors further elucidated how a task that requires a large group to volunteer showed greater willingness from individuals. The authors opined that the bystander effect is independent of oneâ€™s behavior, but contributed largely by diffusion of responsibility and perceived rationality. Whenever someone has required help from one person, individuals will pass the responsibility to others and see their help as insignificant, while on the contrary the bystander effect becomes non-redundant.
To explicate their argument, the authors used surveys and questionnaires to collect data, analyze them, and make a constructive conclusion. The surveys involved 671 participants from the University of Innsbruck, Austria, where non-psychology students were involved. Out of the 910 students who accepted the invitation, 239 showed cold response to the survey, a first sign of bystander effect. The authors then analyzed the data, calculated mean, standard deviation, and percentages regarding the entities they were researching. The data analysis and discussions helped to support their argument. According to the data analysis, it became evident that bystander effect was prevalent to an individual than a group. The intention to offer help was greater when requesting a group of participants to volunteer for a survey compared to approaching an individual. The large number of participants used in this survey helped significantly to support the authorsâ€™ arguments since the result came out positive. This elucidates the authors conclusion that the success of non-profit organizations rests in the willingness of people to give; showing bystander effect prevalence in the society. Through the survey used by the authors, who involved a large group and individuals to volunteer for the research, the bystander effect was well tested. The method was very effective at testing the bystander effect, the results and discussions were in-depth, which makes it my preferred method.
1 How does bystander effect impinge on the response of people towards crises and natural disasters?
2 Is there a way of changing the bystander effect if it in a personâ€™s behavior?
Haas, W. B., Brook, M., Remillard, L., Ishak, A., Anderson, W. I., & Filkowski, M. M. (2015). I Know How You Feel: The Warm-Altruistic Personality Profile and the Empathic Brain. Research Article. PlosOne.
This study aims to resolve the relationship between empathic processing and personality trait. The authorsâ€™ main argument goes towards expounding the association of personality traits with empathic processing, which is critical among human interactions. The authors hypothesized that â€œspecific personality traits are associated with behavioral and biological indicators of improved empathyâ€ (Haas et al. 2015). Using the personality traits such as Extraversion and Agreeableness, used in testing individualsâ€™ distinctions in social cognitive functioning, the authors tested t...
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