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3 pages/≈825 words
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Health, Medicine, Nursing
Annotated Bibliography
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Pulmonary Diseases: Annotated Bibliography (Annotated Bibliography Sample)


For this module,you have TWO PARTS
PART ONE : You will be starting your literature search. You will also start to organize your resources and you will writean annotated bibliographyon each journal article. For this module's formal assignment:1)Produce a document in which you will write an annotated bibliography on about 6-10 peer-reviewed journal articles.
a.these should all be published within the last 5-7 years and are of high quality (older is acceptable if they are still gold standard)
b. All should be actual scientific studies and not just review articles
c. you may also use SOME well accepted, reputable, published guidelines if necessary.
examples of such sources would be the WHO, NIH, CDC, etcDO NOT write in first person PART TWO***Insert this exercise as a final page after the annotated bibliography***Give a two-paragraph explanation as to the proper uses of quotes and offer examples of when quotes are not preferred(or inaccurately used). NOTES FOR STUDENT REVIEW
Annotated Bibliography An annotated bibliography is an organized list of items such as books, journals, Web Pages, etc...cited in APA style (for this course) and followed by awritten annotation(critical summary).They are written separate from each other and separated into a new paragraph only by the reference as a title. Annotations are NOT an article summary, but are critical reviews of the author and authors work.
The annotations will set the basis for your literature review paper in the upcoming module. You may also find some articles used here are not helpful in your paper and you may choose not to move forward with them. Annotations typically:describe the focus of the item (article, book, etc. .)describe the usefulness of the item discuss any limitations that the item may have describe what audience the item is intended for evaluate the methods (research) used in the item evaluate the reliability of the item discuss the author’s background discuss any conclusions the author(s) may have made Annotated bibliographies serve a number of purposes including:a high-levelreview of the literature on a particular subject illustrate the quality of research that you have done provide examples of the types of sources available describe other items on a topic that may be of interest to the reader explore the subject for further research This module's reading assignment does include specifications on how to produce an annotated bibliography. However,below are some helpful websites to help you understand the process.


Pulmonary Diseases: Annotated Bibliography
Institutional Affiliation
Pulmonary Diseases: Annotated Bibliography
Ehteshami-Afshar, S., Fitzgerald, J., Doyle-Waters, M., & Sadatsafavi, M. (2016). The global economic burden of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 20(1), 11-23.

This study corroborated other studies that have shown that non-communicable diseases have grown to become one of the major causes of deaths and disabilities around the world. Among the non-communicable diseases, chronic respiratory conditions form the bulk. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are among the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. The researchers were seeking to determine the cost of the two diseases and compare the burden of diseases across different regions. Due to differences in cost-of-illness studies, the researchers encountered difficulties in estimating the real burden of the diseases. It was also established that the costs of asthma and COPD vary greatly across different jurisdictions. However, though the real cost could not be established, the mortality and morbidity resulting from the diseases hurt the economic standings of individuals and families. Moreover, different governments across the world spend huge parts of their health budgets on the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and management of these diseases.

Yoo, K.-H., Ahn, H.-R., Park, J.-K., Kim, J.-W., Nam, G.-H., Hong, S.-K., . . . Cho, S.-H. (2016). The burden of Respiratory Disease in Korea: An Observational Study on Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma, COPD, and Rhinosinusitis. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res., 8(6), 527-534.

This study was carried out to find out the economic and disease implication of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), asthma, allergic rhinitis, as well as rhinosinusitis in the Asia-Pacific region. The health care resources used, symptoms, work impairment, as well as the associated costs of the diseases in Korea was examined. The study enrolled participants above the age of 18 who had a primary diagnosis of any of the diseases under study. A survey detailing the activity impairment, work productivity, health care resource use, and respiratory symptoms were carried by the treating physicians on the participants. 42.8% of the 999 patients who enrolled were found to have multiple respiratory disorders. Asthma and allergic rhinitis, as well as allergic rhinitis and rhinosinusitus, were the most common combinations. Coughing in general as well as coughing with phlegm were the major reasons why most patients with asthma and COPD sought medical intervention. For the other diseases, running nose and congestion were the major reasons. The study estimated the mean cost of respiratory disease to be $8,853 annually. Reduced productivity was the major contributor to the high cost. Therefore, the burden of respiratory diseases on the Korean

opulation is significantly higher and hence strategies to reduce the burden should be implemented.
Strollo, S. E., Adjemian, J., Adjemian, M. K., & Prevots, D. R. (2015). The Burden of Pulmonary Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Disease in the United States. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 12(10).

In the United States, state-specific numbers, as well as costs, are used to quantify the burden and magnitude of the pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial disease. This study sought to project and estimate the occurrences of nontuberculous mycobacterial disease and the associated medical costs at both the national and state levels annually. To achieve this, the existing direct cost estimates of the disease was applied to the estimates of the disease that was derived from the Medicare beneficiary data. Constant 2014 dollars were used to report the me...

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