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Annotated Bibliography
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Causes, consequences and prevention of childhood obesity (Annotated Bibliography Sample)

Week_3_Assignment.docx Final Reseach Paper Topic: Obesity Final Research Paper Guidelines Research the responsibility of a critical thinker in a contemporary society. You may choose any topic that deals with a contemporary social concern. Examine the principles of critical thought in relation to the chosen societal concern, and consider the importance of ethics, moral reasoning, a research-based process to search for truth, and the advantages of information technology in gathering data. Week 3 Assignment Guidelines: a. Topic: Refer to the Final Research Paper guidelines (chosen topic is “Obesity”). Confirm your topic, and identify how this selection relates to your academic and professional pursuits. b. Thesis: Write a direct and concise thesis statement, which will become the point or perspective you will argue or prove in the Final Research Paper. c. Annotated Bibliography: To help prepare for your final paper, you will be writing an annotated bibliography to indicate the quality of the sources you have read. Please make sure to cite each source using APA style. After each citation, write a brief paragraph (around 150 words) summarizing the source and examining how it will support you in defending your argument. Academic Research Standards Academic research and papers must meet certain standards of quality recognized by the academic community. What constitutes quality, academic research? a. Primary sources, which are documents from the time period being discussed b. Secondary sources supported by research in primary sources c. Credible sources (experts in the area of study) d. Relevant research (materials are pertinent to the area of study) e. In graduate work, the use of peer-reviewed journal articles (journal articles reviewed by recognized experts in the relevant field of study) is required. f. Educational and Government websites may be appropriate in some cases, but should be evaluated carefully. The paper must be five pages in length (excluding the title pages) and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least five scholarly sources, Of the five sources, two will be your primary sources, and one will meet the multimedia requirement. source..
Causes, consequences and prevention of childhood obesity
The increase rates of childhood obesity are a course for concern among policy makers and health care practitioners because of the health risks involved. According to the Center for Diseases Control and Prevention (2012), childhood obesity in America has tripled among adolescents and doubled in children in the last thirty years, to the extent that by 2010 a third of children and adolescents were overweight or obese. The risk off cardiovascular diseases and morbidity increases with more cases of childhood obesity. Childhood obesity is not only a health concern for today’s generation, but also for future generations who may be adversely affected by the epidemic. The immediate and long term effects of childhood obesity are many and hence there is a need to prevent the epidemic of obesity.
Ding, E, L & Hu, F, B. (2008). Childhood Obesity via Mendelian Randomization Analysis, PLoS medicine
This article reviews the applicability of the Developmental Over nutrition Hypothesis, which presupposes that pregnant obese mother expose their children to obesity having a long term effect on the children’s appetite , energy metabolism and appetite control. They subsequently say that a previous study published in PLoS Medicine showed that the hypothesis is plausible and is more associated with mothers while the father offspring association was weaker. Mendelian Randomization (MR) supposes that there are specific genes that determine childhood obesity in line with the propositions of the Developmental Overnutrition Hypothesis. Even though, the two authors did not find the MR analysis to be true, it is vital to delve into the nature of the study. A 95 % confidence interval provided a wide range of the results which makes the estimation process to be less unreliable. Additionally, investigation of a specific gene is not a straight forward matter as one needs to identify specific characteristics.
Lean, M, E.J. (2010). Childhood obesity: time to shrink a parent. International Journal of Obesity, 34: 1–3
In this article Lean argues that parents are the main determining factor in child obesity, the article further proposes that our own actions determine obesity especially with the growth of consumerism in the global economy. The author points out that the costs of obesity are manifested among the adults, but strategies to reduce child obesity are common while those of adults are fewer. This notion emanates from the assumption that reducing case of child obesity has a long term effect of altering behavior eventually minimizing adult obesity. However, there is no indication that reducing childhood behavior reduces ensuing adult obesity. Generally, the presence of fat parents is associated with fat children of the same sex as the parent. Lean further goes on to say that reducing adult obesity is vital, this is because childhood obesity emanates from pa adult obesity ...
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