Annotated Bibliography Exercise: Overall Portfolio Management (Annotated Bibliography Sample)
Annotated Bibliography Exercise plus the final paper.
This week, prepare an annotated bibliography that can help you prepare for the research paper that is part of the unit seven assessment.
Research paper topic (unit seven):
Research and report on two companies. Pick one which has always adhered to a policy of internal innovation and a second which has acquired technology several times through external means as detailed in our prior units. Compare and contrast the two approaches from the context of:
Overall Portfolio Management
Due this week: annotated bibliography exercise:
Find, read and analyze at least five professional articles in addition to the assigned readings. Develop a three paragraph response for each resource: The first paragraph provides a brief summary of the author's main ideas, covering the main points of the work. The second paragraph points out the project's strengths and evaluates its methods and presentation. The third paragraph reflects on how the source may be used for your week 7 research project.
These should be scholarly articles or citations from professional journals. Please avoid 'crowd-sourced' material from Wikipedia, about.com, and others. Submit this assignment by uploading a Word document in the assignment link. Use of the Herzing University Library is strongly encouraged.
Please use a minimum of 5 references for this assignment. Submit this assignment by uploading a Word document in the assignment link.
Final Research Assessment
Research and report on two companies. Pick one which has primarily adhered to a policy of internal innovation and a second which has acquired technology several times through external means as detailed in our prior units. Compare and contrast the two approaches from the context of:
Overall Portfolio Management
Relate them all back to your company's success or lack thereof and consider the individual contribution each of these individual components has on the result. In both companies, consider if their approach is sustainable or if they need to change any of their methods applied in these four categories. Also consider if they need to switch between internal and external innovation overall.
Present your ideas as a complete set of recommendations for the company both evaluating their past performance and providing future recommendations. Also include consideration of current events (macroeconomic, competition, etc.) when making your recommendations.
7-10 pages Content
APA 6th ed. Formatting
This assignment is worth up to 225 points
Aswathappa, K. (2014). International Business 4E. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill Education.
In this article, the main idea is that there are three technology acquisition routes: external, internal, and a combination of the two. External acquisition is when the company buys the technology from outside vendors or partners. Internal acquisition of new technology is brought about by technology development efforts which are started and controlled by the business organization itself (Aswathappa, 2014).
The strength of the article is that it has been organized and structured in a professional manner. Ideas flow smoothly from one paragraph to the next in a sensible way. The article incorporates properly constructed sentences and appropriate words which convey the meaning of the author.
This source would be helpful for the week 7 research project by revealing the advantages and disadvantages of both external and internal technology acquisition strategies in terms of implementation, control and overall portfolio management. It will also show how each of these acquisition strategies need to be evaluated. Implementation of internal technology acquisition calls for the existence of a technological capability within the firm. It is notable that this technological capability may differ from one professional who is well versed with the technology to manage a new project carried out by an external R&D group to a full-scale research and development division (Aswathappa, 2014).
Bruno, C., & Reinhilde, V. (2011). Acquiring technology from inside and out. London, England: Public-Private Sector Research Centre
In this article, the main idea is that there are various ways of acquiring technology, for instance contracting out Research and Development (R&D) activities, licensing, or taking part in Research and Development with other companies and research organizations. The technology sourcing decisions of companies could be classified into two types: the embodied strategy and disembodied strategy. Through the embodied strategy, a company obtains new technology that is embodied in new staffs. Conversely, it could obtain new technology which is disembodied, or totally detached from its staffs, by means of outsourcing or licensing agreements (Bruno & Reinhilde, 2011).
The strengths of the article include the fact that ideas are organized in a way that they flow logically from the start of the article to the end. The writing is cohesive and everything is connected. The authors have described advantages and shortcomings of both the disembodied and embodied strategies by examining the external technology acquisition strategies for various innovative firms across all manufacturing sectors in Belgium.
This source would be helpful for the week 7 research project by demonstrating how technology acquisition through external sources, for example through disembodied technology acquisition, is implemented, managed, and evaluated. Disembodied technology acquisition usually occurs by means of research and development contracting if the knowledge and expertise still need to be developed; licensing in the case of off-the-shelf technologies; or using technology consulting agencies. When a company taps into existing, specialized knowledge, it would be able to gain time and lower costs of innovation (Bruno & Reinhilde, 2011).
Clydebuilt. (2012). Developing in-house vs. off the shelf. Boston,, MA: Cyberbuilt Business Solutions.
The main idea in this article is that technology can be acquired through two ways: off-the-shelf and developing in-house. Regarding off-the-shelf technology sourcing, the company buys the commercial offering and works with it as it comes out of the box. With developi...
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